Among the millions of cities around the world there are several that people treat with special awe and love. A journey to the legendary holy place for pilgrims is an opportunity to touch the divine source, which gives hope and strengthens the spirit.
Sacred cities - the decoration of the world
In the world there are more than 4,000 religions, in this article we will talk about 5 cities associated with the most famous religions.
Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world. The first mention of it dates back to the 2nd millennium BC. er This city is the main sanctuary for the three largest religions - Christianity, Judaism, Islam. Jerusalem, despite its name (in translation - “the city of peace”) survived many attacks during its existence.
In the Middle Ages, Jerusalem was considered the center of the earth.
The famous warrior Richard the Lionheart in the 12th century went to the Crusade to Jerusalem, but at the last moment retreated, afraid to remain in human memory responsible for the bloodshed in the Holy Land.
Mosque "Dome of the Rock" - a business card of the city
The Temple Mount (Mount Moria) is the only place in the world that Jews, Muslims and Christians worship. It is believed that here is the foundation stone - the rock with which God began to create the world and where Adam first saw the light. Muslims believe that by stepping on the foundation stone, the prophet Muhammad completed the Miragej - night flight from Mecca on burak (an extraterrestrial creature resembling a horse with a human face and wings).
The cornerstone of the universe enclosed by a gilded lattice
In Jerusalem, on the Mount of Olives (Olives), there is one of the most expensive cemeteries, the burial of which is possible after paying a multi-million dollar bill.
At a cemetery on Maslyanichnaya Hill, notes collected from the Wailing Wall are buried.
This price is associated not only with its small size. People believe that with the coming of the Messiah, those buried here will rebel and guaranteed to be the first to go to heaven.
According to gospel places in the Holy Land. Jerusalem
Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Mecca is the holy city of Muslims, the capital of Saudi Arabia and the birthplace of the Prophet Mohammed.The followers of Islam all over the world should pray five times a day, with their eyes fixed on this place. Every healthy Muslim who is able to pay for the road and food for his relatives during his absence must visit Mecca at least once in his life. According to legend, even birds helped to erect the shrine. Pelicans brought stones in their bags. Since then, these birds are considered sacred by Islam.
Al-Haram Mosque (Zapovednaya Mosque)
In Mecca is the most beautiful mosque - Al-Haram, which has 44 entrances, 9 minarets. Its area is 309 thousand square meters. m. In the center of the complex stands the building in the form of a black cube - the sacred building of the Kaaba, the eastern corner of which is marked by the Stone of Forgiveness. According to legend, God gave the white yaont Adam and his wife, expelling them from the gardens of paradise. Having absorbed human sins on Earth, the stone turned black.
Black stone is at a height of 1, 5 meters
Now the relic is framed with silver. Islam believes that the prophet Mohammed himself touched the yacht, but they do not consider the stone to be miraculous, but pilgrims seek to touch it. He indicates from which angle the Kaaba should be walked during the Hajj.
Laws of Saudi Arabia prohibit non-Muslims from being in Mecca
Vatican, inside the territory of Rome
The Vatican is a dwarf enclave state located on the territory of Italian Rome. The name of the Vatican was in honor of the hill, called Mons Vaticanus (from the Latin. Vacitinia - "fortune-telling place").
Saint Paul's Cathedral. Vatican
The smallest country has an area equal to only 440 thousand square meters. m, and the length of the state border is only 3.2 km. Absolute theocratic monarchy dominates in the Vatican, the Pope of Rome directs all branches of power. All the inhabitants of the Vatican are servants of the Catholic Church.
The Vatican is the only state that has the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Varanasi (or Kassi, Kashi - "shining") is an Indian city, according to legend, built by Shiva himself. The inhabitants of India believe that in this place they are as close as possible to the kings of heaven. The city is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus and Buddhists.
To the waters of the Ganges down the ghats - ladders for washing
Believers who flock to the sacred Ganges River flock here to wash away their sins and be cleansed.Finishing life in the city of Varanasi is considered a great blessing. It stops the reincarnation.
Varanasi funeral pyres
Lhasa is a city that is the capital and the main cultural center of Tibet since the 7th century. It is located in the mountains, at an altitude of 3660 m. The sun's rays touch Lhasa 3000 hours a year, so it is often called the "City of the Sun."
Potala Palace - the residence of the Dalai Lama
Here one of the most ancient religions is worshiped - Buddhism. Gilded Buddha statues adorn the temples and surroundings. The main shrine of the city - the temple of the Jokhang - is the center of world pilgrimage.
Tibet Lhasa: The highest capital in the world
The editors of uznayvse.ru believe that there are many amazing places on our planet. So, residents of the Mexican town of Chavinda believe that they live in the center of the intersection of the real and.
5 sacred cities that have become the adornment of the world image, picture, imagery