A word with the suffix "n". Spelling rules
How do the words with the suffix "n", "nn" obey the rules? You will find the answer to this question in the materials of this article.
General information on words with "n" and "nn"
Practically in every part of the speech there are suchwords in which errors are allowed due to ignorance of certain rules on the spelling of one or two "n". That's why to create a literate text, you should know all the nuances of such expressions.
How to write a word (with the suffix "n" or"Nn"), which is the noun's name? In derivative expressions, one or the other suffix must be put depending on the morphemes available or in accordance with the basis. Consider the rules in more detail:
1. "NN" is placed if:
- the noun has a basis on "n", and at the same time the suffix begins with a similar letter (for example, elderberry-buzin-nick, sleep-sleeplessness, aspen-aspen-nickname, name-day name-name-nick);
- the noun is formed on behalf ofadjective or participle, which have 2 "n" (for example, sickness - illness, elected - elected, organized - organized, foliage - foliage).
2. The word with the suffix "n" is written, if none of the above rules under it falls:
- Boiled - boiling, smoked - smoked, scarlet - scarlet, hotel - hotel, sophisticated - ingenuity, hemp - hemp, peat - peat, oatmeal - oatmeal, etc.
During the formation of derived namesnouns suffix -nik or -its-, -ik or -its must be attached to the basics of the parts of speech used (nouns, participles or adjectives). For example, a log is a woodpile, a squad is a druzhinik, an expelled exile, an exile, and a woodburner).
What words with the suffix "n" and "nn" refer to the names of adjectives? To answer this question, consider the following rules:
1. "NN" is placed if:
- adjectives are formed from nouns withassistance in the production of suffixes -en- or -on- (for example, celebration - celebration, art - art, discussion - discussion, session - session;
- adjectives are formed from adjectives by putting the suffix -en-, which indicates a greater measure of some attribute (for example, wide, hefty, high);
- adjectives are formed from nouns, in which the stem ends in "n" (for example, length-a-long, million-million feuilleton-feuilleton);
- adjectives are formed from nouns that end in -yam (for example, time is temporary, seed is seed, flame is flame, etc.).
The word "windy" is put only one "n". This is due to the fact that it is formed not on behalf of the noun, but from the verb with the help-and- (wind).
Adjectives "sazaniy", "mutton" and others are written with "n", since they are formed from the nouns with the root of "n" by putting the suffix -j-.
In the non-derivative adjectives "ruddy", "spicy" and "young" one "n" is put. As for the derivative part of speech, they also write one "n" (for example, blush, spice, youth, blush).
2. adjectives with the suffix "n":
- words formed from nouns underthe help of putting the suffixes -an-, -in- or -yann- (for example, the crane is crane, the skin is leather, the dove is pigeon, clay is clay, etc.). Exceptions should be remembered: tin, glass and wood.
Suffixes -an- and -yang- give words (that is, names to adjectives) the meaning of any material or object made from any substance (for example, silver, sand).
It is necessary to distinguish between adjectives, meaningwhich are directly related to their spelling (for example, windy weather, windy guy, wind pump, chicken pox, oil week, oil pancake, oil eyes, oil paint, oil bottle, etc.).
Full participles and verbal adjectives with "n" and "nn"
The two letters "n" must be placed in the passive participles that stand in the past tense, if they:
- are formed from prefixing verbs (for example, colored, subtracted, pasted, scanned);
- have a dependent word (let's take an example: a recently mowed grass, a roof painted by an employee, six years ago, a painting written);
- are formed from verbs without prefixes of perfect kind (for example, to give - given, to throw - abandoned, to deprive - deprived, to execute - executed).
The verbal word with the suffix "n" is written, if the adjectives:
- are formed from imperfective verbs that do not have attachments and do not contain suffixes-eau-vann or -even- (for example, whitened, rabid, blued, boiled, roasted, dried);
- do not have a dependent word (for example, the floor is painted, the barge is loaded, etc.).
The difference between verbal adjectives and passive participles in some cases can be determined not only by the absence or presence of dependent words or prefixes, but also by meaning.
Let's give an example: "Melted furnace" and "melted fat". The adjectives in these phrases have completely different properties. In the first case, there is a verbal meaning (that is, a time limit). This definition is expressed by participle. As for the second word, it has a constant sign, that is, it is an adjective.
Short participles and verbal adjectives
In short participles (that is, passive), in contrast to complete participles, only one "n" is put. As for the verbal words, just as in the original words, they always write two "n".
Let us take as an example 10 words with the suffix "n" for short passive participles: read, read, read, labeled, marked, smoked, walked, pissed, crossed, transplanted.
Let us cite as an example several verbaladjectives: educated, spoiled, sublime, etc. It should be noted that such parts of speech have a comparative degree, where two "n" are also put: spoiled, more educated, more exalted.
- A short verbal word with the suffix "n" is written if it is formed from the prefix verb, which brings it closer to the sacrament (for example, his eyes were torn, her dress was shabby, etc.).
- In adverbs and nouns that areare formed from verbal adjectives or participles, the same "n" is put as much as in the basis of these words (for example, the sacred is the priest, the educated is the pupil, etc.).
Adverbs with "n" and "nn"
Adverbs that end in -o and are formed from passive participles or adjectives are written with one or double "n", depending on the corresponding spelling of the original words.
Let's give some examples:
• adverbs with "nn": unheard of, unintentionally (formed from unheard-of and unintentional), confidently (formed from confident), agitation, excitedly (formed from agitated);
• 2 words with the suffix "n": confused (formed from muddled), windy (formed from windy), etc.
To fix the passed material, it is recommended to test yourself and perform the following exercise:
Insert one or two "n" at the place of the pass. Please explain your choice:
- sovremey_ik, zloumyshle_ik, gostoy_itsa, name_ik, puta_o, looked triumphant, spiciness, meaningless, poklik, dragostse_ost, ple_ik, today vetre_o, limo_ik, buddy_ik;
- posterity, mice, majesty, wildness, shores of desert, wool, bulo, dragoce, wood, peset, machine, guests, grass, caba fang, oil paint.