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ABOUT COMBATING EVIL (Moral Aspects)
In the opinion of I. A. Il'in: “Such is the spiritual law: the non-opposing evil is absorbed by it and becomes obsessed. For “evil” is not an empty word, not an abstract concept, not a logical possibility and not “the result of subjective evaluation.” Evil is, first of all, the spiritual inclination of a person, inherent in each of us, as if some passionate living in us to unleash the beast, always seeking to expand its power and to the fullness of seizure. Encountering rejections and prohibitions, encountering persistent restraints that support the spiritual and moral facets of personal and social life, it seeks to infiltrate through these obstacles, put down the vigilance of conscience and sense of justice, weaken the power of shame and disgust, accept an acceptable appearance, and if possible, shake and decompose these living faces, these forms of the formation of the personal spirit ... "(1: 13, 14).
On the transformation of sin and evil over. Basil the Great says: "whoever looks at evil without disgust, he will soon look at him with pleasure."
Thus, evil is not only possible but necessary to resist, including by force. Otherwise, evil will grow and spread. After all, “for the triumph of evil, only one condition is necessary - that good people should be idle” (Edmund Burke). A similar idea was expressed by other authors, in particular:
● the ancient Greek philosopher Plato (a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle) (427/428 - 347/348 BC): “The punishment for civil passivity is the power of the villains”;
● over. Maxim the Confessor (580-662): “To keep silence about the truth is the same as to reject it”;
● Irish literary and social activist George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950): “The biggest sin against one’s neighbor is not hatred, but indifference; This is truly the summit of inhumanity ";
● Russian writer A.P. Chekhov (1860-1904) in the story “A Boring Story”: “Indifference is the paralysis of the soul, premature death”;
● in the epigraph to the novel “Conspiracy of the indifferent” of the Polish and Soviet writer, poet and playwright Bruno Yasensky (1901-1938): “Do not be afraid of enemies - in the worst case they can kill you. Do not be afraid of friends - in the worst case, they can betray you.Fear the indifferent - they do not kill and do not betray, but only with their tacit consent does treachery and murder exist on earth (Robert Eberhardt. “Tsar Pithecanthropus the Last”) ”;
● in the epigraph to the novel “Inferno” by American writer and journalist Dan Brown (1964): “The hottest place in hell is for those who remain neutral during the moral crisis”;
● Priest Alexander Yelchaninov: “The indifference of believers is a much more terrible thing than the fact that non-believers exist” (44).
Indeed, if people do not resist injustice (evil), the grief of others, do not participate in their elimination, silently turn away from these questions - because they have everything in a relative order, either because of fearfulness, or because of cruelty - then come the opposite situation in which a similar injustice and grief overtook these people themselves and their relatives! And others - also will not pay attention to it!
In the story of A.P. Chekhov's "Gooseberry" says so: "behind the door of every happy person, someone should stand with a hammer and remind him with a knock that there are unfortunates, that sooner or later trouble will befall him and no one will see and hear how he now does not see or hear others.But there is no man with a hammer, he lives happily for himself, and small everyday concerns worry him slightly, like an aspen wind, and everything is fine. ”
In other words, if we hope that the world will change for the better without our participation in it, then such hopes are illusory. And the phantom - is not only deceptive, but also harmful, because it distracts and turns away from the vital and the main thing!
1. Ilyin, IA On Resistance to Evil by Force. - M., "DAR", 2005.
2. Holy Alexander Yelchaninov: aphorisms. Foma Magazine.