Austin is the capital of Texas and just an interesting city.
strongly associated with the ranch, cowboys, barbecue and rodeo, so many are surprised by the fact that Austin, the capital of Texas, is also a popular center for live music. Every year in March, show businessmen, film industry and musicians gather at the largest South by Southwest festival in the United States.
The city is full of places where you can listen to live music, which is particularly proud of Oostintsev. The most famous district is Sixth Street. Here in numerous bars and just in the open air almost all existing musical styles sound: from classical variations to country and rock.
Brief history of the city
The lands on which the capital of Texas is located today began to be inhabited by Spanish missionaries as early as the 18th century. At that time there lived Indian tribes: Comanches, Lipans and Tonkawa. In the 30s of the next century, the first settlers from the United States arrived in these territories, which were at that time part of Mexico.
In 1836, the American colonists won the war against Mexico.Thus, Texas was proclaimed an independent republic, and the capital became the town of Waterloo, later renamed Austin. The city, named after Republican First Secretary of State Stephen Austin, was an important cattle hub from Texas ranch to Kansas railway stations.
In 1845, Texas entered the United States on a state basis. During the Civil War, Texans defended the rights of the slave-owning South and, despite the defeat, quickly restored the state economy. In 1883, the University of Texas opened its doors in Austin, and in 1888 the Capitol, the seventh largest building in the world.
The modern capital of Texas
Today in Austin more than 900 thousand people live. The racial image of the city reflects its history: the majority of the population are white, followed by Latin Americans, in third place are the descendants of African slaves.
Since the 70s of the 20th century, Austin is no longer just the capital of Texas. The US has become a leader in high technology, and Austin has become a center of high-tech industry, for which the city has been nicknamed Silicone Hills.
Graduates of the University of Texas have the opportunity to work as engineers and programmers in the regional offices of the largest corporations in the country, such as Apple, IBM or Dell.
According to statistics, Austin is one of the fastest growing megacities of the United States; for this reason, protection of the environment remains a priority for the city authorities, along with maintaining the image of the musical capital of world importance.
What to see
If you happen to visit the capital of Texas, be sure to visit the Museum of Weirdness. It is located behind the store "Lucky Lizard" on Sixth Street, where the largest number of music bars per square meter. The Museum of Strangeness is nothing more than a kunstkamera, where rare exhibits are collected: mummies, yeti, UFOs, monsters, ghosts, etc.
Since Austin is the capital of Texas, the state government sits here at the Capitol. The Capitol, whose architecture is extremely reminiscent of the architecture of the White House in Washington, is open to tourists. All floors can be viewed as a guide as part of a group, or independently.
The city has specially created more than 50 walking routes for those who prefer nature to the museum halls. In addition, in hot weather, you can go to Barton Springs - the largest swimming pool in the country. Due to the fact that it is filled with water from natural sources, the temperature in the pool is constantly maintained at 20 degrees.
In Austin, a lot of interesting things.For example, bulldog bats have chosen Ann Richards Bridge on Congress Avenue, and every evening at sunset a large colony rushes here. Even on the weather station radar, 1.5 million bats are clearly visible, heading for the caves under the bridge.
The authoritative American magazine "Forbes" in 2008 published the results of a study, according to which Austin, the capital of Texas, turned out to be the most drinking city in the country.
The United States among the first in the world began to make various ratings. Most recently in the journal U.S. The News & World Report provided a list of 100 major cities in the country most favorable for life. Quality and cost of living, internal migration and job prospects were evaluated. Topped this list Austin - the capital of Texas.