Canadian log house. Description of technology
Probably, many people dreamed of their small country house, built from a wooden log house. These huts will look great both by themselves and will be a great addition to landscape design. In addition, the structure of the log have excellent thermal insulation. It is possible to build such a house with the help of several technologies, among which the Canadian logging is the most popular. And this is not surprising, since winters in Canada are very cold and snowy, so Canadians, of course, know a lot about building warm and cozy houses.
Canadian logging, the technology of which will be described in the article below, is distinguished by its quality and has practically no flaws. It was invented about 50 years ago and during this time it gained widespread distribution throughout the world. This is due to the fact that the technology is completely based on manual labor and does not require the use of specialized equipment, so the cost of houses from a log house is relatively low.However, in order for a house to turn out to be of high quality, warm and durable, it is necessary to have certain skills and knowledge, because every millimeter is important when installing logs.
Selection of materials
Before you figure out what principle cannabis houses are being built, you need to talk about the choice of materials. This is very important because the logs must meet certain standards. Their diameter at the top of the barrel should be at least 30 centimeters. This is due to the fact that their thickness after shrinking and shrinkage of the structure will decrease. In addition, the larger the diameter of the logs, the better the heat will be stored in the building. However, this material is more expensive. Therefore, when choosing a building material should take into account their financial capabilities.
As for the length, the Canadian cabin, the photo of which looks simply amazing, involves the use of logs 14 meters long. It is allowed to build houses from a log house of greater length, however in this case the joining of logs should be carried out with screw ties, and the junction points must be closed with a transverse wall.
A few words about tree species
The best material for houses built using Canadian technology are conifers, which are highly resistant to moisture and high in resin. Such houses will not be afraid of any climatic conditions. In addition, the structures of these wood species will last for very long years.
In our country, the following types of trees are used for the construction of buildings using Canadian logging technology:
- Pine has a high density and has a large resinous, so the houses of this tree will last for a long time, even if they are not lined with anything.
- Larch in terms of its density and amount of resin content even exceeds pine, so it is not only not afraid of moisture, but also not subject to rotting.
- Cedar is valued for its antiseptic properties.
These wood species are considered traditional for houses built on the Canadian wheelhouse, so it is best to use them.
Canadian logging of houses, the projects of which can be very diverse, is an ideal option for the erection of round log buildings in regions with severe climatic conditions and very cold winters.Logs and insulation are stacked in such a way that the structure does not require lining, retains heat well and eliminates the presence of drafts.
Logs are joined together according to the thorn-groove principle. The spike is directed downward, thereby achieving a higher thermal insulation. The groove is cut the same shape as the spike. Due to the identical shape of the spike and groove, the logs are firmly fixed between each other, and after the tree has been dried out and the building has shrunk, no gaps appear between them. To prevent the penetration of cold air and moisture in the joints of logs, insulation is placed in the cup.
Canadian felling of log cabins when cutting a cup implies the weight of a log at an angle of 45 degrees. In this case, the tilt radius may slightly increase or decrease, depending on the thickness of the logs. To achieve maximum fit of the logs to each other after shrinking in the cup, a small gap of about 3 centimeters is hollowed out.
The size of the landing part of the spike depends on the width of the landing clearance. Its minimum width is 9 centimeters. However, when cutting it, one should try to ensure that it coincides in its form with the groove.
Canadian logging is based on these rules. The project, built on this technology, will last for several decades and will be excellent to retain heat without replacing the insulating material.
Canadian and Russian felling: what are the differences
Russian technology of erection of log houses differs from the Canadian one in that the nest form in it has the same shape as the log, while in Canadian felling, the trapezoid cup is. Thus, when joining logs according to Russian technology, gaps will be formed between them, which will have to be repaired, and this takes a lot of time.
However, the main problem the owner of the house, built on the technology of Russian logging, will face approximately the third year of operation of the building after it sits down. Quite large gaps will appear between the logs, which will have to be caulked. Canadian logging is devoid of this disadvantage, so the house for a long period of time will remain warm and protected from drafts.
The second significant difference is the ease of erection. Russian logging requires quite a lot of time and physical costs, since it involves a multi-stage harvesting and processing of materials, as well as too complex technology for laying logs.Canadian technology is simpler because there is nothing superfluous.
Canadian felling benefits
Professional builders recommend using Canadian technology for the construction of log houses, because it has a rather impressive number of advantages, the key ones of which are:
- Material processing and construction of the building are carried out completely by hand, so the quality of the house can be monitored at all stages of construction.
- Excellent thermal insulation. Due to the special technology of fastening logs and the absence of gaps between them, heat loss is minimized.
- Canadian logging allows the use of logs that have not been cleared of bark, which will provide better thermal insulation and additional protection against external factors and pests.
- After laying the logs and completing the construction of the house, the aesthetic appearance of the tree is preserved, thanks to which the buildings look very beautiful even without cladding.
- The technology is very simple, so people who do not have a building education and similar work experience can master it.
In addition to all of the above, this construction technology is universal, therefore it allows to implement any projects.
If you do not have any experience in construction and you did not study as a carpenter, then when working with logs and creating a lock, it is recommended to use a saw and a chisel. First, notches are made on the log, after which all the excess is simply gouged out. In order for all the locks to turn out to be of high quality, and the joints to be reliable, it is recommended to make a template in advance according to which you will do all the work.
Canadian logging is one of the best building technologies with which you can build a reliable, warm, cozy and durable log house. At the same time, during construction you can independently control all the processes, which will allow you to thoroughly work everything out to the smallest detail and create the home of your dreams. During operation, the most important thing is to adhere to certain instructions and observe safety precautions.