Chainsaw "Ural": characteristics and reviews. Guide to repair and maintenance of chainsaw
The Ural chiansaw is a legend of the Soviet mechanical engineering. It can be called a descendant of the legendary chainsaw "Friendship", which for many years served faithfully to domestic lumberjacks. Even now, modern modifications of the Ural brand equipment do an excellent job with their work, providing up to 80 percent of all logging. Saw produces the famous plant in Perm. The demand for this technique is always very high. It is valued for its high performance and quality.
What is a chainsaw
This is a hand tool that is equipped with an internal combustion engine. The main components of a saw are the engine, the handle and the cutting tire. Typically, these tools are equipped with a four-stroke or two-stroke engine, which is powered by a mixture of gasoline and oil.The most common two-stroke engines. This is a versatile tool that is very convenient to use.
How to choose a chainsaw
First of all, you need to determine the tasks that the tool will perform. Depending on the purpose, professional, household and semi-professional equipment is distinguished. The household saw has the simplified design. It is easy to operate and maintain.She can work about 20 hours a month. The list of functions that the semi-professional saw performs is much wider. This tool has a larger resource. And finally, a professional chainsaw "Ural" or another brand that can be operated in the harshest conditions for a long time. Such tools can work up to 8 hours a day.
Chainsaw "Ural" - is a powerful tool that is designed for professional work. This may be a felling of the forest and cutting large trees. But at home the chainsaw is also an indispensable assistant.
With its help, you can prune trees in the garden, cut firewood, process any wood both across and along the fibers.Tool maintenance is very simple. Fill the saw with a liquid consisting of gasoline and oil. The Ural chiansaw can work under any weather conditions. The temperature should be not lower and not higher than 40 degrees.
Chainsaw "Ural 2T Electron"
This is the most popular model among consumers. Chainsaw "Ural Electron" has a powerful engine and reliability. The level of security, which is the main criterion when choosing a tool, in this technique is very high. Particularly noteworthy is low gas content or its complete absence.This factor is today the main thing in the evaluation of professional equipment. The versatility and ability to work in extreme conditions for a long time, make this tool a market leader.
Chainsaw "Ural" has a two-stroke, gasoline engine with one cylinder. Its power is 3.68 kW. When choosing such a tool you should always pay attention to fuel consumption. "Ural" is a very economical technique in comparison with its capacity. Her fuel consumption is 632 grams per kW of hours.Chainsaw "Ural" has a tire length of 46 centimeters and a weight of 11.7 kilograms. This is a tool for real men.Its fuel tank has a volume of 2 liters, and oil - 0.4 liters. The volume of the cylinder is 94 cubic centimeters. As an additional feature, you can note the frame, damping vibration. Also, the tool has a function of turning the tire 90 degrees. A very good feature is automatic chain lubrication.
Chainsaw "Ural BP-45-3.0"
This model has good technical performance and relatively low weight. The kit includes a spare oil drive and ratchet, which greatly simplifies the repair of the Ural chainsaw. This model is made in accordance with modern requirements for equipment of this class. Power saws 3 horsepower, or 2.3 kW.The length of the tire, which is recommended for use is 45 centimeters. The fuel tank has a volume of 550 milliliters, and oil 260 milliliters. This significantly reduces weight and facilitates work. The saw has an automatic type of oil pump. The tool weighs only 7 kilograms. The characteristic of the chainsaw "Ural" is such that it is successfully used in the most difficult conditions.
To make the tool run smoothly for a long time, carburetor adjustment is necessary. This is a selection of different modes of operation under the characteristics of the fuel mixture. The carburetor chainsaw "Ural", or rather its adjustment, has some features. For this process, you will need a set of wrenches, a technical passport and a screwdriver. First you need to find in the instructions, the parameters of the factory settings.The saw should work for several hours without changing the settings. Then you should start the saw and let it work with minimum speed. Next, using a screwdriver, with the help of the adjusting screw set the desired position. The engine should steadily grow, but the chain should not move along the bus. Then you need to go to a more powerful pace. If the engine smokes, you need to tighten the screw a little. The mixture will become poorer and the smoke will disappear. It is necessary to do so that after a sharp pressing of the throttle, the momentum is gained quickly and smoothly. You should always remember that when loosening the screw, the mixture is enriched, and after screwing it is depleted. So you can adjust the carburetor saws.
Before starting a stable operation, it is necessary to run in a chainsaw. This is a work at idle for some time. Usually, you need to spend about 4 tanks of fuel for running-in. For running mix gasoline and oil in a ratio of 15 to one. That is, one liter of oil is taken for 15 liters of gasoline. Next you need to continue running, but in the process of working tool. About 25 hours should not be subjected to heavy loads. Fuel is poured the same as when working at idle. The carburetor, engine, reducer chain saws "Ural" and other units should be prepared for long-term work. After the chainsaw passes the run-in, it is necessary to pour in a mixture of gasoline and oil in a ratio of 20 to 1.
Choosing a tool, pay attention to its technical characteristics. Decide on the amount of work that he will perform. The Ural chiansaw is a powerful and reliable assistant who can cope with any problem. It is used in everyday life and in the workplace. Non-professional tools are lighter and more comfortable to use. But the powerful saw has high performance.Therefore, select the tool according to your needs and requirements.