Charcoal with their own hands. Methods for obtaining charcoal
Charcoal is a natural biofuel that you can make yourself.
Making charcoal in the pit
Charcoal can be made by own hands inpit. This method has been used for a long time. Thus, it is possible to make coal quite simply. To do this, it will be necessary to prepare a small pit, which must be in the form of a cylinder, while the walls must remain vertical. Its diameter should be 80 cm, while the depth is 50 cm. Using this technology, you can get two sacks of biofuel.
Peculiarities of manufacturing pit for coal production
If you decide to make charcoalhands, then initially you need to prepare a pit. After its bottom is carefully compacted, you can use the method of knee-jerking for this. This is necessary in order to prevent mixing of the finished product with the soil. After that, you need to build a fire using birch bark and small branches. Gradually it is necessary to start adding firewood and thin branches to the fire. We need to ensure that everything is covered with burning wood. When the fire is inflamed, you can start making coal. For this you need to prepare firewood.
Requirements for raw materials for the production of coal
Charcoal with their own hands turns outquality, if you throw in the pit wood, which do not have bark. This is due to the fact that it smokes strongly. While coal using such firewood is very poor quality. In order to more comfortable use of fuel, the raw materials must first be cut into separate elements.
Dimensions of blanks can be selectedindependently, however, the size of one element should not exceed 30 cm. From above, you need to stack new firewood, while the mass should move with a long pole. The bars should be laid in layers as tightly as possible. Thus, the pit should be filled to the top. The duration of burning out will depend on the humidity of the air.
When the charcoal is made by hand, a pit of the size mentioned will be filled in about 3 hours.
After the pit is filled, it is necessarycover with grass, and also with leaves. Everything topped with a layer of soil and rammed. In such conditions, charcoal should remain for two days, after which it can be sifted, and then packaged. Once it is possible to complete this work, it can be considered ready for use.
Making charcoal in a barrel
You can use production equipmentcharcoal according to the type of container. For this, it will be necessary to prepare a steel thick-walled barrel. Its dimensions should be selected depending on how much coal is expected to be received.
If the barrel turns out to be large, then it will be necessarymuch more time to fill it. If the container has ever been filled with chemistry, you can not use such a container. If petroleum products were stored in the barrel, it must first be prepared by burning, and then used, but only in pure form.
Options for making coal in a barrel
Pyrolysis of wood will allow to receive coal by a methoduse of one of the technologies, each of which involves the use of a barrel. The first method involves firing the fire inside the container. In this case, the process will not differ from the production of coal in the pit. Capacity should have a large capacity (about 200 liters) - this is to ensure that the wood did not hit the fire.
Also it is necessary to install bricks in quantity6 pieces, it is desirable to use refractory products. Between them, and will have to build a fire. If you use such equipment for the production of charcoal, the wood must be plowed carefully until they cover the bricks. After that, the grill should be installed on the products to put on the next batch of firewood.
Wood must be packed in rowstightly. After the barrel is filled to the top, you need to wait until the flame appears on top. After all, you need to cover the steel sheet and leave a small gap. In order to accelerate this process, at the bottom of the tank you need to make a hole through which the air will flow. While the wood is burning, you will need to monitor the color of the smoke. Once it has a bluish shade, the barrel will need to be closed most tightly and left to cool down completely. After that, the lid is removed from the tank, and the finished coals are removed from the inside.
Alternative version of the production of coals in a barrel
Pyrolysis of wood can allow coaland several other technologies. To do this, it will be necessary to fill the container up with wood. After that everything should be covered with a non-flammable lid. Close the barrel is practically tight. It is necessary to leave a hole for the escape of gases (it should be large), the temperature inside should be brought to 350 degrees.
In order to obtain charcoalpossible, the capacity should be installed on the platform. This will be able to isolate it from the soil. The easiest way to realize this is with the help of bricks, which must be laid on the steel sheet. A fire must be built between them, which will warm up the barrel.
After a certain time, the process begins.oxidation of firewood, and gas will be released. As soon as the gas outlet stops, the barrel will need to be left on the fire for some time. Thus, for burning 200-liter capacity it will be necessary about 2.5 hours. After this, the barrel must be removed from the fire and seal the remaining holes in the lid. In this state, the container must be stopped before cooling down. Charcoal at home will be ready after the barrel is opened. Coal can be used immediately.
Making charcoal using a stove
If you are thinking about how to make woodcoal, then we can consider another way, which involves the use of a furnace. After the firewood is burned, it will be necessary to choose burnt, but not yet collapsed coals. They should be red. They will need to be put in a container with a well sealed lid. It is preferable to use a ceramic container, but you can use a bucket or a barrel of small dimensions. It is worth remembering that the use of steel tanks must assume compliance with fire safety. The lid should be kept closed until the coal cools completely. After it becomes cold, it can be considered ready for use.