Coccobacillary flora: causes, decoding analysis and treatment
Causes in a coccobacilli smear
Detection of a coccobacillary microflora in a smear can be a consequence of:
- frequent change of sexual partners - the presence of several partners in a woman several times increases the likelihood of the development of her bacterial vaginosis and, as a result, the reproduction of the coccobacillary flora;
- douching - an imbalance of the beneficial microflora of the vagina can affect the appearance of diseases even in a woman with one regular partner;
- When installing the intrauterine device, bacterial vaginosis may also develop, the appearance of which will not be associated with the maintenance of promiscuous sex life. In this case, the coccobacillary flora in the smear will be moderate;
- hormonal disruptions are most often the cause of the development of many diseases in women.Since bacterial vaginosis is diagnosed only in women of the reproductive period, it can be concluded that any hormone disruption can stimulate the reproduction of coccobacilli.
To prevent the appearance of pathological flora, it is important to carefully monitor their health and hygiene.
What diseases can cause coccobacilli
Coccobacillary flora in a smear can cause the development of dysbiosis. Another reason for its appearance is the use of antibiotics, violating the correct balance of bacteria in the vagina and intestines of women.
With Gardnerellosis, cell cytology is similar to cancer cells and cancer cells, which is why, after 18 years, a woman must annually take a smear on cytology, to ensure confidence in her state of health.
How to prepare for delivery smear
A coccobacillary flora in a smear is detected by microscopic or bacteriological examination. To get a reliable result, you must follow certain rules:
- exclude sexual intercourse two days before the smear;
- not recommended to take a smear immediately before the onset of menstruation, or immediately after its completion;
- you can not take a bath on the eve;
- eliminate douching;
- stop using vaginal tablets and suppositories;
- during hygienic procedures, no means for hygiene can be used, it can only be washed with clean warm water;
- 3 hours before the smear you must avoid visiting the toilet.
If all recommendations are followed, the result of the smear will be reliable and will allow the doctor to accurately determine the diagnosis and, if necessary, prescribe an effective treatment. Kokkobatsillarya flora may not be determined by improper preparation for the analysis, which would entail the further progression of the disease.
Most often, when obtaining results, you can come across several conclusions, the terms of which are not always clear:
- gramvariable flora - indicates the presence of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in the smear (determined by staining);
- polymorphic flora - indicates the presence of bacteria and viruses in large quantities contained in the smear;
- moderate coccobacillary flora or significant - indicates the presence of infection, which can be determined by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or bakposeva.
Knowing the correct interpretation of medical terms, you can not worry, waiting for the next trip to the doctor.
If an abundant coccobacillary flora is found in a woman's smear, an additional examination of the urine and blood is necessary. A comprehensive examination allows you to accurately determine the type and amount of cocci and bacilli that inhabit the vagina of a woman.
If dysbacteriosis is suspected, it is also necessary to undergo medical imaging and, if necessary, pass additional tests. To eliminate the pathogenic flora in this case, oral antibiotics that can kill the pathogenic flora are most often prescribed. After that, it is important to normalize the balance of microflora and take probiotics, restoring the beneficial microflora of the vagina and intestines.
Coccobacillary flora: treatment with medication
The most commonly prescribed drug when detected in a coccobacilli smear is Metronidazole.Its action provides an effective neutralization of the pathogenic flora, but it also has the very minimum of side effects and contraindications.
To enhance the effect, a gel is prescribed along with the tablets, the basis of which is clindamycin or metronidazole. The duration of such treatment is 7-10 days, depending on the abundance of pathogenic flora and the degree of development of the disease.
A large amount of coccobacillary flora requires immediate and effective treatment, which will prevent the further proliferation of bacteria and eliminate the existing pathogenic microorganisms. Lack of proper treatment can lead to the development of very serious complications, up to the appearance of tumors or cancer.