Culture of Italy as part of world culture
Italy is the country that gave the world a hugethe number of brilliant artists, thinkers, composers and poets. The culture of Italy is considered an integral part of the world culture, since many of the achievements of Italians in music, architecture, theater and painting have had a significant impact on the formation of cultural characteristics of neighboring countries.
Even before the formation of ancient Rome in the territorymodern Tuscany, the national traditions of the Etruscans, which initiated the birth of Italian culture in general, arose. The fall of the Roman Empire led to its decline, and only in the middle of the 11th century Italy's culture gained its second birth. The heyday of Italian architecture, painting and music falls on the 14th century, leaving many famous names to the world.
The concept of "culture of Italy" is based on three most important time periods:
- The epoch preceding the Renaissance and carryingthe name of the Proto-Renaissance (13-14 centuries). From the well-known names of the time, names such as Dante Alighieri (poet, founder of the literary Italian language, author of the Divine Comedy), Francis of Assisi (a famous figure in the Catholic Church), Marco Polo (a traveler and a discoverer from Venice), and others have come down to us.
- The Renaissance or the Renaissance (late 14-16centuries) is known by the following names of the creators of culture: Leonardo da Vinci (great scientist, inventor, artist, sculptor), Giordano Bruno (philosopher, poet, propagandist of materialism), Nicola Machiavelli (philosopher, philosopher, writer, prominent politician), Michelangelo , poet, architect, sculptor), Galileo Galilei (scientist, astronomer and philosopher) and others.
- The Epoch of the High Renaissance (late 16th and 17th centuries)became a kind of transition period from ancient times to modern times. In the early 17th century, the culture of Italy is undergoing significant changes, the Renaissance is gradually giving way to a new architectural and artistic style called Baroque, which in Portuguese means "a pearl of irregular shape." Baroque became not just a new trend in the art and culture of Italy. Baroque in a broader sense is a special science, a philosophy, a world view of a man of modern times. The Baroque man rejects the naturalness identified with unceremoniousness, savagery and ignorance. An Italian man of the 17th century is certainly a well-dressed, perfumed gentleman, possessing self-confidence and serenity. A woman of the Baroque period cherishes the pallor of her face, does not go out into the world, without tightening her waist in the corset and not wearing her heels. The main entertainment events of the late High Renaissance period were pilgrimage to holy places replaced by walks in parks and gardens, balls and masquerades, knight tournaments were replaced by ordinary riding and playing cards.
Despite the small size of the country, each of itsprovinces has its own unique traditions. The most "Italian" city is considered to be Florence. In it, as in no other corner of the country, reflects the national culture of Italy. One has only to walk one by one on the numerous narrow streets of the city to catch a special atmosphere of his life. Florence gave the world such names as Nicola Machiavelli, Marco da Galliano, Michelangelo, Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci.
A rich centuries-old legacy of ancestors, as well asthe modern culture of Italy attracts to this country a huge number of travelers, historians and connoisseurs of high art. Today Italy is one of the most visited countries, and its rich cultural heritage is stored not only in the national museums of the country, but also in the best galleries of the world.