Diarrhea in a child: how to treat and methods of prevention
Diarrhea is one of the most common diseases among babies. The aggravation occurs in the summer when all conditions are created for the development of pathogenic bacteria and viruses, and children do not forget to put dirty fingers in their mouths. What to do if a child has diarrhea? How to treat - you can find out in this material.
Treatment of Bacterial Diarrhea
Bacterial diarrhea is the most serious. It is caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus, streptococcus and others. This kind of intestinal infection manifests itself with high fever, diarrhea with blood or greens. Call a doctor after seeing such a diarrhea in a child! How to treat it - only prescribed by a doctor! As a rule, the disease requires antibiotic therapy and antibiotics. Often children with such a diagnosis are sent to the hospital (the disease is extremely contagious and life-threatening).
Treatment of viral diarrhea
Viral diarrhea has several causes. It may be a child because of a cold or as an independent disease. Viruses, entering the body, begin their development in a particular area.If a child has a weak immunity that is not able to fight the disease, the infection begins to spread throughout the body. In this case, the doctor prescribes antiviral drugs and prebiotics.
It happens that viruses act directly on the intestines, which is manifested by strong liquid diarrhea, vomiting and temperature. Rotavirus infection is the name for this disease. If you observe just such diarrhea in a child - than a pediatrician will say how to treat him. Full recovery occurs in 5-10 days.
Dysbacteriosis occurs in children, predominantly after antibiotic treatment. But it can be during a cold, changing food and the introduction of complementary foods. If a child has diarrhea green, then doctors talk about dysbacteriosis. Treatment will be aimed at restoring the intestinal microflora through the use of beneficial bacteria.
The main treatment should be prescribed by a doctor (after determining the focus of the disease). So, there is no sense in treating viral diarrhea with antibiotics, and bacterial it is only with them. Parents need to ensure that the child is calm, correct.food and drink as much liquid as possible. The greatest danger in diarrhea is dehydration, which can be fatal. If diarrhea in a child, than to treat without fail, it is water. It not only prevents dehydration, but also flushes out all pathogenic microbes and viruses from the body (of course, the liquid must be boiled, special solutions such as "Regidron" are also appropriate).
The most effective remedy for diarrhea for children is prevention. Diarrhea is difficult to treat, it can lead to complications. But to prevent it is not so difficult. It is necessary to carefully process the products before use and wash hands after the street. Food must be introduced carefully and gradually, acceptable by age, in small portions. With a cold, the baby should immediately begin to be treated with antiviral drugs, especially if the child has a weak intestine. To prevent diseases, do not forget to strengthen the immune system of children with sports, hardening and vitamins.