Dual citizenship - you can get, and then what?
Subtleties of definition
How often now - in the era of globalization and mass mobility - we meet people who have two or more passports. Does this mean that they automatically have dual citizenship? Not always. What is the difference? It's all about the ambiguity of definitions. Theoretically, a person who is a citizen of the Russian Federation may acquire citizenship of another country. At the same time, the first, native, is not forced to refuse. Citizenship of Russia can be lost, only of their own accord, having come out of it. Other countries, such as Germany, have a different policy. They will have to choose: either a German or a “foreign” passport. In practice, dual citizenship in the case of Russia is allowed - that is, the person is officially considered a bipatride - only with those countries with which the relevant agreements have been signed. At the moment, it is Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. In all other cases, you can have a second and third passport, but for Russia you always remain just her citizen until you give up this privilege.
The totalitarian regime, the more restrictions
Economists point out that the higher the level of a country's development, the more liberal it relates to this topic. And vice versa: fearing an outflow of funds, less developed countries prohibit dual citizenship. For example, if you have a Kazakhstan passport, and you became a citizen of another country, without notifying your dear one, you will be deprived of Kazakh. But the United States of America does not prohibit, but does not encourage dual citizenship. After all, it is a potential - and real - headache for officials, who find it much harder to control a bipatrid than the holder of a single passport. Formally, those who acquire American citizenship are obliged to take an oath of allegiance to the United States, but in practice they do not check whether a person has refused the previous one. It is interesting that actively developing countries seek (or consider themselves obliged) to liberalize this issue. Thus, all the countries of Latin America, India and many others over the past decade have introduced dual citizenship. But in Japan or China, children born of mixed marriages between citizens and immigrants will not be able to get a passport.In addition to these countries, South Korea and Cuba also have a strict policy in this regard.
On the question of whether it is possible to have dual citizenship, we have already received an answer. Another question: "What does this give us?" First of all, freedom of movement. In the case of Russia, you must enter and leave with a Russian passport. But to pass the border of another state can already as a citizen of another country. Only you need to competently figure out who and what to present the document. For example, if you travel from Russia by train to Poland or Germany via Belarus, Belarusian border guards are better not to show the EU passport. As citizens of the European Union are required to have a transit visa, and if you don’t have one, they can easily be taken off the train. How to get dual citizenship depends on the country. For example, in Poland you will be able to apply for it, having lived for at least two years with a permanent residence permit (before receiving which at least another three to five years must pass) and married to a citizen - three. Dual citizenship can also be obtained at birth, when it is given to a child both by mother and father.But some countries will require, upon reaching the age of scion age, that he decide who his subject wants to be. One of the biggest problems is the need to carry out military service in two states at once.