Fermentation is ... Process definition and description
Recently, we are increasingly hearing about such a process as fermentation. However, not everyone still has an idea of what it really is and how exactly it happens. Consumers of tea and tobacco have mostly come across this term, but this is not the only scope of the fermentation process.
How is the fermentation?
Fermentation is the process by which fermentation occurs due to the effect of the product’s own enzymes. If we talk specifically about this process in plants, then when a leaf is destroyed, a certain amount of juice is released, which, due to oxidation, contributes to the start of fermentation. To stop this phenomenon, you need to fry the raw material.
With this technology, not only high-quality tobacco is obtained, but also excellent teas. After all, some plants are not able to retain their natural aroma and recreate a unique taste in the usual collection and subsequent weldingand the fermentation process helps them in this and makes it possible to uncover new taste qualities.
What plants can be fermented?
Fermentation is a process that is not performed at all with all plants. Some simply do not need this, and for the full use of others without such technology can not do. A complete list of herbs that need to be fermented looks rather boring and long. It is enough to stop your attention only on the most popular ones.
In the first place for a long time is Ivan-tea. It can easily compete with ordinary Chinese tea in taste and useful properties. Fermentation - this is the process that gives this drink the opportunity to acquire the usual taste of tea.
When fermenting leaves of black currant and cherry, a magnificent smell is obtained, which lovers will be able to appreciate. But the leaves of the apple after the same treatment are endowed with a delicate aroma that does not leave anyone indifferent. Very peculiar aroma and taste can be obtained by fermenting walnut leaves.
Many managed to notice that the usual raspberry leaves can compete with willow tea. Fermentation is a process that creates real miracles with them, allowing you to get not only delicious, but also a healthy drink.
After familiarizing themselves with the concept itself, many immediately imagined that the whole process could only take place in an industrial environment, with the necessary equipment and technical conditions. However, this is not the case. The fermentation conditions fully allow this process to proceed at home. The main thing that needs to be done is to destroy the structure of the leaf and sap from it. If the volume is small, then you can simply rub the leaves with your hands, but for large volumes it is unrealistic.
In this case, you can use another technology:
- The leaves of the plant are placed in a plastic bag and are somewhat dried up. The air from the bag is removed and the sun dries up for several hours. Air appearing in this process is periodically removed.
- After that, the leaves are ground by any available method, for example, in a meat grinder.
- Further, this method of fermentation involves the final drying of the material in the oven. If it does not dry well in time, mold can appear.
The resulting tea will delight you with its unique taste.
Fermentation of tobacco
This process is somewhat different from the same performed on herbs for tea. The fact is that in order to produce the fermentation of tobacco at home, it is necessary first of all to respect the temperature and moisture content of the leaves, which reaches 50%. This process lasts from seven to fourteen days.
One of the ways to ferment tobacco is its natural aging. To do this, the plant is simply dried and cleaned for storage, but the whole procedure can take more than a year. But the material obtained in this way is valued for its excellent quality.
The easiest way to ferment tobacco
Many are interested in how to get quality tobacco most quickly and without much hassle. In this case, the fermentation of tobacco can occur as follows:
- The leaves are soaked in such a way that they remain dry, but at the same time do not break. This mass is placed in jars and closed with iron lids.
- In the summer, banks are taken out in the sun. It is highly preferable to put them on a metal surface, since it can heat up and give the necessary high temperature.
- Ten days later, the tobacco is checked for readiness. If you feel the aroma that suits you, then you can get a lot out of the cans and dry well.
The product thus obtained is quite possible to use.
Fermentation in the production of fertilizers
Fermentation is a process that has found application not only in the production of tea and tobacco, but also in the manufacture of organic fertilizers. In this case, it becomes possible to obtain these same fertilizers much faster than with ordinary natural decomposition. Probably, many gardeners have not only heard of compost, but also have a compost pit on their plot. However, not all of them are aware of the fact that it is the fermentation technology that underlies the production process of fertilizers in it.
Nevertheless, this miraculous method has a disadvantage: in this case organic matter may not completely decompose. The fact is that if the mass has a high density or it is cracked, then its disintegration stops due to a lack of oxygen. The resulting mass, especially if it was in the rain and it got plenty of water, can produce an unpleasant odor, due to the presence of hydrogen sulfide.
But with the help of fermentation, you can usefully use not only the weeds that once grew on your site, but also dispose of kitchen waste (for example, potato peelings). Now they will be not just discarded garbage, but a full-fledged fertilizer. The fermentation process itself is not very time consuming, and the result is impressive. Yes, and the fertilizer thus obtained is much safer than chemical products purchased from the store.