Finger injury: first aid and further treatment
What is a bruise?
Any injury is a very unpleasant and painful situation that requires prompt medical intervention. Finger injury is a mechanical damage to closed tissue without significant damage to it. What to do in this case - we will tell in our article.
Bruised finger occurs most often after external exposure to one or another heavy or blunt object. As a result of this, small blood and lymphatic vessels in the soft tissues are damaged. In this case, the integrity of the skin is not broken.
The most important symptoms of bruised fingers are the following:
- slight swelling;
- quite severe pain at the injury site;
- bruise or hematoma (hemorrhage into the tissue);
- impaired functionality of the hurt finger.
I have a bad finger bruise! What should I do first?
- The first (pre-medical) medical care is cold compresses applied to the finger. This will reduce pain, swelling, and also suspend the blood saturation of the subcutaneous tissue.A stream of water or snow (ice, a bottle of cold water) attached to a hurt finger can act as a cold compress. Remember that cold is the primary first aid for any injury!
- Then it is necessary to determine whether a finger is bruised. To do this, you need to know the main symptoms of a fracture: severe and sudden pain in the finger, a significant change in its thickness (or shape), and limitations in functioning. If you think that you have a fracture - immediately contact the nearest emergency room.
Finger injury. Treatment
Any traumatologist will tell you that it is necessary to use anti-inflammatory agents for treating a bruise - ointment for topical use (Fastum Gel, Voltaran, Diclofenac). In special cases, the doctor will prescribe physiotherapy.
For the treatment of injured limbs, there are folk remedies that have been tested over the years:
- One of the most effective "grandmother's" methods is a compress of boiled potatoes. Put on the affected finger gauze, previously dipped in mashed boiled potatoes.
- The compress from marsh bodyagi, which is in any pharmacy, perfectly helps. Dissolve it to the consistency of thick sour cream, apply the resulting slurry on the hurt finger and bandage. Bandage every 12 hours until the hematoma at the site of the injury disappears.
- The bruised finger is remarkably treated with a compress of onion gruel. Crush it with a blender, apply it on gauze, attach it to a damaged finger and wrap it with cellophane for reliability. The dressing must be changed twice a day. Onion compress has a resorptional effect.
- One of the most famous folk treatments for bruised fingers and toes is, of course, compresses from plantain leaves. Squeeze fresh juice out of them, soak gauze in it, put it on your finger and wrap it with a bandage.