Solution and tablets "Furacilin": application, properties, indications
Once they made a revolution in medicine, opening up to it such tremendous opportunities for expanding activities and mastering the knowledge base that previously were simply unthinkable. Now antiseptic - is an integral part of healing in hospital and at home.
One of the most common antimicrobial agents, along with the drug "Chlorhexidine", is the medicine "Furacilin", the use of which is especially widespread in everyday life. This is due to its safety, ease of use, low cost and volume of indications, as well as good pharmacokinetic parameters. The drug "Furacilin", the use of which is allowed even for pregnant and lactating women, easily penetrates through all hematical barriers and, by restoring the nitro group, is distributed in all tissues and fluids, exerting its bacteriostatic property.It stands out mainly with urine and partly into the intestinal lumen with bile.
If we talk about pharmacodynamics, the drug "Furacilin", the use of which has a strong effect on the microflora, is an antimicrobial agent from the nitrofuran group. Thus, it slows down the growth of many Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus, Proteus), as well as Trichomonas and Giardia. This drug has proven itself in terms of sustainability. So, resistance to the means of "Furacilin" develops extremely slowly and remains at a low level. In addition, microorganisms that have become resistant to sulfonamides are sensitive to it. From the side properties, only dermatitis is isolated, and therefore contraindications to the drug "Furacilin" are hypersensitivity to it and chronic allergic dermatosis.
Indications and contraindications
The medicine "Furacilin", which is effective for many inflammatory diseases, is indicated for minor skin lesions (scratches, cuts, abrasions, cracks) and deep ones (pressure sores, ulcers, purulent wounds,2nd and 3rd degree burns), in case of infection of the upper respiratory tract and in ophthalmology (sinusitis, tonsillitis, stomatitis, gingivitis, acute otitis media, furуруculosis of the external auditory canal, nonspecific inflammation of the eye apparatus), pleural empyema and osteomyelitis. Depending on the evidence, its dosage form is prescribed. Thus, the Furacilin solution for washing the eyes is highly effective in blepharitis and conjunctivitis, and a stronger concentration is allowed for gargling. It is produced in two forms: the finished solution and tablets for its dilution.
Dosage and Usage
The drug "Furacilin", the use of which has widely proven itself in the outpatient treatment phase, must be properly diluted. So, it is used externally in the form of ointment, water (0.02%, dilution in the ratio of 1 to 5000) and alcohol (0.066%, dilution - 1 to 1500) solutions. The first is prescribed for severe skin lesions for irrigation of wounds, as a cavity wash for osteomyelitis and pleural empyema after cleansing wounds, for eye diseases and sinusitis. But you can also use it as an ointment for ulcers, burns and bedsores.Rinsing the nose with "Furacilin", pharynx and oral cavity in case of sore throat, stomatitis, gingivitis is also highly effective when used in the form of an aqueous solution - 1-2 tablets per cup of warm water. For a more accurate dilution, it is necessary to prepare it in the ratio of 1: 5000, and both purified water and 0.9% sodium chloride can be used as a solvent. In case of purulent diseases of the upper respiratory tract (chronic suppurative otitis media, furunculosis of the external auditory canal, empyema of the sinuses), an alcohol solution is administered in the form of drops, which is prepared in 70% alcohol.