How much does it cost to open an LLC yourself: features and recommendations
Most often, organizations are created in the form of ownership of a limited liability company. In this case, the entrepreneur has a number of responsibilities: it is necessary to form a statutory capital, find a manager, and most importantly, register an LLC properly.
The essence of the problem
The question of how much it costs to open an LLC, all novice entrepreneurs are interested in. Doing business without official registration significantly limits the possibilities, since it will not be possible to use financial services, make payments, receive employees. For some operations without registration, criminal liability.
The registration algorithm is as follows:
- Decide on the candidacy of the director. Usually in the early stages of development of an organization, the function of the director is performed by the entrepreneur himself.
- Come up with a name for the company.
- Prepare a registered capital of 10 000 rubles.
- Select the address of the company. The organization can be arranged at the address of the registration of the director. If you plan to operate in a rented room, then you need to provide a letter of guarantee from the owner that he will enter into a lease agreement.
- Make and submit an application.
How much does it cost to open an LLC? Already at the stage of preparation of documents it becomes clear that the registration of the company will require at least 10 thousand rubles. The good news is that it will be possible to make a capital within 4 months after registering the company.
Before you apply for registration and find out how much it costs to open an LLC, you must think of the name of the future company. It is also necessary to determine the number of participants LLC. There are such legislative restrictions:
- the number of LLC participants may be no more than 100;
- participants can be legal and legal persons, legal entities from other countries.
Registration of the organization is carried out at the legal address. This can be a place of residence of one of the founders or a rented room.
How much does it cost to open an LLC? The answer to this question largely depends on the size of the share capital.Before filing documents, you should also decide in advance on the types of economic activity and choose a taxation system: general or “simplified”.
How much does it cost to open a company yourself?
Often beginning businessmen prefer to go through the bureaucratic process on their own. The reason lies in the desire to reduce the cost of registration. But not everything is so simple. So, how much does it cost to open an LLC yourself?
After a change in legislation, the registration procedure has been simplified. Now you do not need to stand in line to the notary to verify the documents, and the share capital can be paid within 4 months after registration. If the entrepreneur independently prepares all the documents and delivers them to the tax authority, then in five days he will receive a certificate of registration. In this case, he will only incur expenses for the payment of a fee in the amount of 4,000 rubles. This is in theory.
In practice, the tax authority may refuse to accept documents. In this case, at each filing, the entrepreneur will have to re-pay the state duty. How much does it cost to open a company LLC in this case? When making at least one mistake, registration costs are equal to the costs of attracting specialists and amount to 8 thousand rubles.
Causes of failure
Most often, the FTS refuses to register because of an incorrectly chosen legal address, mechanical errors in documents. Incorrectly specified passport data, reductions or the absence of some props in the form can cause a refusal to create an LLC.
For registration LLC must provide:
- Memorandum and minutes of the meeting of participants (if the organization has more than one owner) or a decision on the creation of a company;
- the decision on the appointment of a candidate for the post of director;
- receipt of payment of duty.
Most problems occur at the stage of submission of documents. Hence the question of how much it costs to open an LLC.
For most entrepreneurs, the process of preparing and submitting documents causes difficulties. In this case, you can ask for help from a specialized company that will take care of all bureaucratic questions. The cost of intermediary services in the regions is 4,000 rubles or more. How much does it cost to open an LLC in Moscow? Intermediary services will cost 11000-13000 rubles. Responsibility for the correctness of the paperwork experts assume. That's how much it costs to open an LLC.
For the implementation of operations with cash, the company must open a bank account. To do this, you first need to analyze the cost of services of financial institutions. Bank requirements:
- Low maintenance cost.
- Availability of Internet banking, SMS-informing.
- Issue of a corporate card.
- Ability to carry out operations through applications on the smartphone.
It is enough offers in the market, therefore it is necessary to be extremely attentive. For example, Sberbank does not charge for opening and maintaining an account. However, starting with the fourth payment order will have to give 100 rubles. for the operation.
How much does it cost to open a bank account for an LLC in other banks? Tinkoff charges a fee of 490 rubles from the third month of service, and for each payment order you will have to pay 49 rubles. Unlike Sberbank, a financial institution does not charge a fee for issuing a card, and the cash withdrawal fee is only 1.5%.
Another interesting offer on servicing the accounts of legal entities is available at the bank “Tochka”. The entrepreneur will have to pay 750 rubles.for account maintenance and 50 rub. for each payment. All other operations are carried out free of charge, including SMS informing, issuing and servicing of corporate cards. The entrepreneur must immediately calculate how much it costs to open an account for an LLC.
Before registering a company, you must choose a tax scheme. If, according to the preliminary calculations of the entrepreneur, the annual income is high, it is better to immediately get a certificate of VAT payer. You can, of course, choose “simplified payment”, but if after the year of work the income exceeds the maximum specified in the legislation, you will have to get a certificate of VAT. According to the law, it is allocated 10 days from the moment of fixing the financial results.
Even in case of violation of the deadlines for filing an application, the taxpayer is still liable for not charging VAT. If an entrepreneur decides to independently obtain a certificate, then he needs to submit an application maximum 20 days before the month from which he plans to pay the tax.
Choice of activity
In the application for registration of the company should indicate what activities will be engaged in the organization.This should be done with the help of special OKVED codes. If, in the course of its activities, the organization decided to change the type of activity, then it needs to add the code to the certificate.
The first step is to select a code from the directory of Rosstandart. In 2018, OKVED 2 is valid. If the application specifies an incorrect code, then the certificate will be refused.
Changing the code entails a change of occupation. For example, an entrepreneur decided to open a grocery store, for this purpose he wants to get a code for retail. This type of activity is not in the directory, and the charter does not spell out the opportunity to engage in other activities. How much does it cost to open OKVED for LLC in this case? The entrepreneur will have to change the code and pay a fee of 800 rubles. When changing the code without changing the charter, the state duty is not required. The entrepreneur is given three working days to notify the IFTS about the change of code. Otherwise, you will have to pay a fine of 5,000 rubles.
It is necessary to prepare a meeting of the meeting on the change of codes. Any changes to the charter are made by the meeting of the founders.The protocol must be submitted to the IFTS, so the time for its preparation is limited to three days from the date of the decision.
All documents must first be assured by a notary. In the tax inspectorate at the place of registration of the company or in the multifunctional center it is necessary to provide:
- minutes of the meeting;
- certified statement P13001;
- new edition of the charter;
- payment of the state duty.
In practice, even if there were no changes to the charter, the tax authorities still demand that the latest edition of the charter be submitted.
It is better to go through the process of registering an enterprise yourself. It is very disciplined and shows that business is a serious occupation in which mistakes turn into monetary losses. In addition to payment of state duty in the amount of 4 000 rubles. the entrepreneur must pay for the services of an intermediary (another 4,000 rubles) and open a bank account (490 rubles). Total, the amount of the initial investment will be 8,500 rubles.