How to develop a baby in 3 months? Child development at 3 months. Educational toys up to a year
Baby turned 3 months. He is still such a crumb, but already a great fellow: he greets his mother with a joyful smile, and attentively examines the rattles, and holds the head with the persistence of a pioneer - in general, every day creates new reasons for parents for new joy and new concerns. At the forefront is the question: how to properly care for and develop a child in 3 months?
And it is no coincidence - the development of a child in 3 months is sharply accelerated. The kid begins to behave more consciously. He already understands that he can see, hear and feel the surrounding space. Instincts fade into the background. Therefore, it is important to know how to develop a child during this period.
The physiological tone gradually releases the limbs, and the movements of the baby become smoother. A child learns to express his mood: relaxed and soft - when he is tired; sharp, active and energetic - if something is not pleasant.In the period from 2 months to 3, the baby is rapidly gaining weight (plus 700 grams) and grows an average of 2 cm.
A three-month baby like no one else can enjoy life - he recognizes familiar faces and does not forget to note it with a smile, is able to give preference to his favorite toys (examines them more closely), is aware of the movement of his arms and legs (trying to catch them in his field of view). The child is primarily interested in himself. The crumb makes all sorts of attempts to explore his body. He feels himself, pats, sometimes stings, may inadvertently scratch.
And at the same time, the development has a spasmodic character. At the peak, he actively tries to interact with the world, in a recession he is able to take a pause for a while - to remain indifferent to toys and mother's arms. But do not worry, recessions are necessary to achieve new heights.
Psychological aspect of development
Three-month babies devote a lot of time to examining their own pens. They squeeze and unclasp their fingers, watch the movement, raise their arms above their heads and lower them, placing them along the body.The child begins to understand that these plump palms belong to him, and he can not only admire the wonderful folds, but also get what he wants. The crumb is concentrated on touch - trying to touch everything in reach. Children's educational toys become his faithful companions - he touches, holds rattles, balls and rings for a long time, tries to send what he found in his mouth.
Many three-month-old babies are able to establish a connection between what they see and hear. If you make an experiment and ring the bell behind the crumbs, he will try to turn to see where the sound is coming from.
The child distinguishes between familiar and alien sounds. Hearing an unfamiliar sound, he calms down and stops moving for a while. If nothing terrible happens, the interest in the baby wakes up and he looks for a source of new sensations. The little one remembers the ringing tones, the sound of mom's steps, and even the rattle of the key in the keyhole.
The kid not only feels, but also strokes surrounding objects. He studies the surface: smooth - rough, hard - soft, fluffy - prickly.It is easy to see that he likes everything pleasant to the touch, but everything is interesting.
These simple movements allow you to concentrate on objects, develop coordination, strengthen the muscles of the fingers and handles as a whole. Thus, the crumb accumulates the necessary knowledge about the world around it.
Physiological aspect of development
The sucking reflex is maximally activated. The baby sucks everything that goes into the mouth, whether it is a toy, a diaper or a finger. At the same time the crumb already distinguishes interest from hunger. So, well-fed, he gladly works on a pacifier, but, having felt the signs of an empty tummy, he immediately spits it out.
The baby changes its behavior in her mother's breast. Feeling hungry, he begins to turn his head, trying to find the nipple with his eyes, and then independently grab his lips.
At 3 months, children can fully control the movement of the head. Being in the hands of adults, they hold well and turn it slightly from side to side. In the prone position, children attempt to bend their knees - the first signs of a new skill - crawling. Babies hesitantly turn from back to belly and back.
Peculiarities of care
The first and main care is hygiene.
- Daily washing with a cotton pad dipped in warm boiled water helps prevent conjunctivitis and various forms of dermatitis. It is recommended to wash the eyes with separate tampons from the outer corner of the eye to the inner.
- For the hygiene of the nasal cavity, thin cotton flagella soaked in baby oil or boiled water should be used. For ears should use special cotton swabs with a limiter.
- You need daily swimming in warm water, at a temperature close to 37 degrees. In the children's bath, it is desirable to add herbal decoctions of chamomile flowers and a series. The latter have a disinfecting effect on the skin and reduce the appearance of dermatitis.
Full development of the child in 3 months is impossible without a daily massage, but not necessarily professional.
If the baby consumes exclusively breast milk, then it is possible to determine whether it has eaten enough only by weighing. The daily rate of milk consumed is approximately 800 grams (this calculated value may vary depending on the weight of the child).The formula for calculating: the numerical value of the weight of the baby, divided by 6. Excess rates during breastfeeding is not an alarming indicator, while malnutrition, on the contrary, is a reason to consult a specialist.
Supplement and feeding
With a lack of breast milk, a pediatrician may recommend a dry formula as an additional feed. If a baby needs this, in no case should one give dairy products (milk, kefir, cottage cheese) intended for feeding children from 3 years of age. They contain bifidobacultures and elements that the baby simply cannot yet absorb. Purchase products, following the recommendations of experts in accordance with the marking of the age on the package.
A child from birth is entitled to receive free food in the dairy kitchen according to age. In order to take there products for free, you need to get a prescription from the district pediatrician.
If the child is on full artificial feeding, after reaching the age of three months, you can enter supplements - in a teaspoon of vegetable (as recommended by experts) mashed potatoes.
It is necessary and necessary to include in the diet vitamin D.It is prescribed as a preventive measure for the prevention of rickets.
For the proper development of the baby you need to comply with the regime. On average, a three-month-old baby sleeps for almost a third of the day, with short breaks for feeding and games. A total of 6-7 feedings per day is obtained, in exceptional cases more. It is advisable to organize long walks in the fresh air.
It is important to understand that health and full development depends largely on how much you walk with your child. If the baby is breastfed, it is best to plan a walk for hours of sleep. In the cold season, experts recommend walking no more than an hour and a half for the approach. You can not go out with the baby on the street if the temperature outside the window has dropped below 10 degrees. Otherwise, there is a risk of hypothermia in the respiratory tract.
In the summer, the child should stay outdoors for as long as possible. Pediatricians advise spending the summer months in the countryside: it is more convenient for mom and more useful for the baby. So you will not think about how much walking with a child.
Dressing the baby is necessary for the weather, but to protect from drafts.Infants, like adults, feel hot and sweat if they are too warmly dressed. It is risky to get the sweated child out of the crib or stroller.
How to develop a child in 3 months while walking? There are many options. It is possible to fasten various educational toys for children on the stroller: hanging rattles, a musical toy. When the baby wakes up, he will be bored and helpful to lie down in the stroller, and mom will have time to run to the house before the baby starts to cry.
How to develop a baby in 3 months
A child at 3 months is extremely curious. He wants to touch and try everything, but his possibilities are still limited. Therefore, the main task of the mother is to provide the baby with the maximum range of sensations.
- It is advisable to purchase educational toys up to a year, musical mobiles, educational mats, a frame and other devices. He will follow the toy carousel, listen to the melody and try to reach the parts of his interest.
- You will need all sorts of available materials. Under the strict supervision of the mother, the baby can be offered not only toys, but also household utensils: various pieces of cloth, clothespins, buttons, laces, spoons, etc.
- Cuffs, socks, booties.It would seem that these are the most ordinary wardrobe items, and how many minutes they can give them a close look at! You can put the cuffs on both handles or only on one. You can wear different or swap places. And each time the child will study with interest the unusual thing on the already familiar handle or leg.
- Classes on the development of hearing. Songs, jokes, poems and, most importantly, an imitation of the sounds of the baby itself. Of course, the crumb still does not understand any words or meaning. But he will catch the intonation and rejoice at the sound of his mother's voice.
- The simplest physical education. The legs of a bicycle, wrapping arms with their hands - all this helps to strengthen the muscles of the baby.
Games for baby at the age of 3 months
How to develop a child in 3 months using games? With pleasure! A three-month baby is able to concentrate on the subject for 3-5 minutes. This short period of time is enough to sing a tiny song, read a little bag or play a finger game. During the game, it is necessary to stimulate the development of not only hearing, but also tactile, visual sensations: massaging fingers in the manner of "forty-white-sided", playing in your hands, maintaining eye contact, paying attention to bright details during a walk.
Good for the development of cards and books with large colorful pictures. Each card or picture is a whole story: "The bear is wearing blue pants, the duckling has a red hat on his head." Sounds interesting to the child and books with sound.
And although the child does not yet understand the meaning of the words uttered by the mother, he attentively listens to the voice and peers at the picture. Gradually, the characters depicted on it will become good friends for the baby.
Educational toys need to pick up different in shape and sound. Well, if one toy combines several elements of different shape and tactile sensations.
The development of interest in books
It is important to instill a love of books from early childhood. The kid needs not only to tell fairy tales, but also to show the characters in the pictures. Thus, an associative attachment to the character depicted is formed, and the unknown fairy-tale world will be associated with the book.
Children's books, designed to be read to a child under one year old, differ from others in that they have rounded pages made of thick cardboard. Just a few pages, but at each turn a large, bright and clear illustration.
So, what to read to children up to a year? It is good to begin acquaintance with classical children's fairy tales, such as "Turnip", "Kolobok", "Teremok", "Zaykina izba", "Hen Ryaba". First, the main characters move from book to book, and second, the texts of the books listed contain many repetitions of the same action. Subsequently, the baby will be easy to remember the plot and most to show in the pictures of certain characters.
Experts agree that it is possible to develop a baby from the first days of life, the main thing is to choose auxiliary materials correctly.
So how to develop a child in 3 months using cards? Educational cards are suitable for games with a three-month baby and older. Several sets on various subjects (preferably easily recognizable in the surrounding environment - toys, food, transport, animals) will become faithful companions and assistants in the development of a child under one year old.
Educational cards for children, you can buy or make yourself. There are both sets of cards on a specific topic, as well as entire collections presented in a book binding. Well, if the cards are made of hard cardboard or laminated. It is important that the edges are rounded and can not injure the baby.
Musical developing toys
A three-month baby cannot yet fully use musical developing toys and books, but he is happy to listen to melodies and tales from the mouth of a soft bear cub or from book pages.
It is necessary to pay special attention to the sound and technical equipment of toys. Is the music too loud and harsh? Will the child be frightened if he accidentally presses a button? Is the electronic part of the device safe? How securely are the batteries hidden?
Many musical educational toys for children have a lever on their body to adjust the sound volume. The battery compartment has a lid tightly attached to the case. For security reasons, the cover is attached to the screw.
In general, the development of a child is painstaking work that can and should bring joy to parents. A huge number of all sorts of accessories, toys and didactic manuals on how to develop a child, help and acquaint with the outside world not only the baby, but also open new horizons for parents to understand their children. How much happiness is delivered even by tiny successes of a still not silly crumbs! And how much happiness does the mother feel, feeling that her child not only needs care, but also willingly communicates,plays and develops by leaps and bounds!