How to make socks?
Probably most of us wear knitted socks extremely rarely - mostly, we use factory products. But how to make socks in factories and, most importantly, from what they are made? In the article I will give you a detailed answer to these questions.
How to make socks in a factory
How many materials, of which manufacturers of clothes and linen sew their clothes, you can remember? Cotton, flax, wool, some will be called viscose. However, in fact, much more materials. Only the main ones - as many as 12, and there are also combined ones. Let's briefly talk about the basic materials and how they are made socks under production conditions.
- Cotton - the most common textile raw materials. Few people know that cotton is almost 90% pure cellulose. Cotton threads are arranged one above the other in a spiral and have a thickness of about 0.02 mm. When spinning on the machine, the cotton threads seem to twist into each other, which ensures their excellent grip and high durability and reliability of the product.
- Flax is a thin high-strength fiber, very resistant to stretching.Flax has a stem origin. In addition, flax perfectly passes heat and absorbs moisture, which, however, does not affect it at all, since it is practically not subject to rotting. Socks made of flax are perfect for hot weather, as flax has excellent thermoregulation.
- Wool is a soft, stretchable, perfectly adherent and non-stiffening fiber obtained from sheep, goat or camel hair. Wool socks perfectly protect your feet in the winter, because wool, like no other material, perfectly retains body heat.
- Viscose is the most popular of artificial fibers. Raw materials for the production of viscose - cellulose. Pulp and spruce are used mainly from coniferous trees. Due to its cellulose origin, viscose is somewhat reminiscent of cotton in its properties. It is soft, durable and, moreover, it has a silky sheen, which makes it possible to dye products from viscose in almost any color.
- Micromodal - viscose microfiber, also made from modified woven pulp. Due to this, micromodal socks are distinguished by increased wear resistance and durability, as well as remain elastic and soft after even repeated washings.
- Bamboo is an excellent antiseptic and antimicrobial natural material. Of the other advantages, we note the excellent performance of moisture absorption (3 times more than pure cotton), the preservation of size and color when washing and pleasant sensations when worn.
- Mercerized cotton - cotton with long and tightly twisted fibers, more durable than normal.
- Elastane (lycra) is an artificial material, the main advantage of which is the highest ability to stretch (up to 7 times the original size). Usually elastane is used as an additive to the base material.
- PAN or textured yarns are synthetic fibers, characterized by an increased ability to stretch compared to conventional textiles.
- Polyamide - fibers obtained from coal and oil, and more precisely - from the products of their processing. Polyamide is unpretentious in care, dries quickly, is very resistant to wear and durable.
- Tactel - polyamide fiber, soft, light, durable, breathes well and dries quickly.
- Polypropylene is the most hygroscopic (able to absorb moisture) synthetic fiber, possessing, moreover, high wear resistance.Thanks to these properties, polypropylene socks perfectly absorb moisture, leaving feet dry.
Here are the main materials from which socks are made in factories using sewing equipment.