Inclination of the verb as one of the main categories of this part of speech in modern Russian

verb inclination

The verb of the Russian language is peculiar to the category of inclination, which serves to correlate the action expressed by this part of speech with reality. So, distinguish indicative, imperative and conditional (subjunctive) mood of the verb. In this case, the first two are opposed to the third on the basis of reality / unreality of action. Each of the moods has its own semantic and grammatical characteristics.

Verbal indicative mood

Verbs in the form of this mood express an action that actually occurs in one of three tenses:I slept, I sleep, I will sleep (I will sleep). Consequently, the verbs in this mood have the category of tense, person and number (in the present and future tenses),as well as the kind (past tense). The formal indicator of this verb mood is personal endings.

The imperative mood of the verb

This mood is a language way to express the urge to action, order or request. Unlike the indicative, the verb in the form of the imperative mood is peculiar only to the category of person and number, and they have no time. This mood has several forms with its formal indicators and semantic features:

conditional verb inclination

  • the form of the 2nd person of both numbers is made using the suffix -i- / without suffix and using the postfix -te. It denotes the impulse to action, addressed directly to the interlocutor:run, do, touch, jump;

  • the form of the third person is an urge to action by third parties and even inanimate objects. The imperative mood of the verb in this case is formed analytically, that is, it consists of several words:long live, let them do, yes the sun will rise, etc.;

  • form 1 of the face is also formed analytically (by adding words come on,let's give the initial form of an imperfect view or form 1 of the person of the future time of a perfect look) and denote the impulse to action, the speaker himself wants to become a participant:let's run away, let's sing, let's dance, etc.

inclination of the verb in RussianConditional Verb

Verbs in the form of this mood indicate an action unreal - desired or possible under certain conditions. The formal indicator is a particle (b), which can be located either directly before or after the verb, or distantly, separated from the verb by other members of the sentence:I would do, I would do, I would surely do. Verbs in the form of a conditional mood are characterized by a change in gender and numbers.

Using one mood as another

Often there are speech situations where, in order to achieve maximum effect, one verb inclination in Russian is used in the meaning of another, for example:

  • indicative of the imperative:You will go to bed now!

  • imperative in the meaning of the conditional:If I was a little more perspicacious ...

  • conditional as imperative:Would you listen to the opinion of experts.

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