Keratitis of the eye: causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease
Eye keratitis is a fairly common and dangerous disease that is accompanied by corneal inflammation. If untreated, the disease leads to the development of erosions on the surface of the eye, reduced visual acuity, as well as the spread of the inflammatory process in the deep eye tissues. That is why it is important to notice the onset of the disease in time and ask for help.
Keratitis of the eye and its causes
In most cases, the disease develops on the background of infection. In the role of the pathogen can act as bacteria and fungal organisms, as well as viruses (for example, the herpes virus). Infection can penetrate the eye tissue as a result of injury. Often, keratitis appears in people who constantly wear contact lenses. In addition, the activation of an infection can occur against the background of a general decrease in the body's defenses, for example, during beriberi, anemia, and chronic diseases.
Keratitis of the eye and its symptoms
In fact, this disease is accompanied by very characteristic symptoms - an experienced specialist needs only one glance at the patient to suspect the presence of an inflammatory process. The main symptoms of keratitis include redness of the eyes and severe, stabbing pain. Quite often, patients complain about the constant sensation of a foreign body in the eye. As the disease progresses, enhanced tearing appears, as well as mucous membranes, and sometimes even purulent discharges, which somewhat resemble manifestations of conjunctivitis. If untreated, corneal clouding is observed, as well as increased sensitivity to light. Remember that if you have these symptoms, you should get an ophthalmologist's examination as soon as possible.
Keratitis of the eye and possible complications
Keratitis is a dangerous disease that can lead to very sad consequences. The fact is that often the inflammatory process leads to ulceration of the cornea. At the same time, ulcers during healing are filled with connective tissue - the cornea becomes cloudy, and visual acuity decreases. In some cases, this process leads to the formation of cataracts and the development of secondary glaucoma.In addition, often the inflammatory process extends to all the membranes of the eye, affecting the conjunctiva, iris, sclera, etc. In the later stages, keratitis of the eye is practically not treatable. That is why it is so important to ask for help in time.
Keratitis eyes: treatment
To begin, the doctor must examine the patient, sometimes prescribe a series of tests. Treatment of keratitis directly depends on the cause of the disease and the severity of the patient's condition. As a rule, special eye drops are used in ophthalmology, containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory components. If keratitis is caused by a bacterial infection, then the use of special antibacterial agents is recommended. Particularly dangerous are those cases where the disease is caused by fungal microorganisms or the herpes virus. In such cases, apply the procedure called cross-linking, during which the doctor completely sterilizes the thickness of the cornea with the help of special equipment.