Metro "Vorobyovy Gory" - an unusual station in the Moscow metro system
Metro "Vorobyovy Gory" - this is actually onefrom the most popular stations in the capital. Why? The prerequisites for such a statement are many. First of all, of course, do not forget about the magnificent traffic junction of this place, and the Muscovites, as you know, suffer from permanent traffic jams. Well, secondly, it is here that the favorite place of the guests of the capital is - an observation deck, with which at any time of the year opens a striking panorama of Moscow.
Section 1. Metro "Sparrow Hills". Description of the object
The given station of the Moscow undergroundis located on the Sokolniki line. On one side is "Sporting", and on the other - "University". The northern exit from the station is located in the Khamovniki region, and the southern one is in Gagarinsky and the district under the name Ramenki, which belong to the South-West and West administrative districts of Moscow, respectively.
By the way, it should be noted that Art. metro Vorobyovy Gory, is the first in the world, located on a bridge over the river.
Section 2. Metro "Sparrow Hills". The history of grand construction
They opened the station on January 12, 1959. According to the original design, the station was supposed to be built near the Moskva River, but in order to reduce the cost of construction, the project was changed and the metro line was built directly on the Luzhnets metro bridge, built, incidentally, in 1958.
On the lower tier of the metro bridge, the station was placed, andon the top made an automobile road. During the design and construction of the bridge, some technological and design errors were made. All the structures of the platform, the lower structure of the road and the bridge were one whole, so they experienced enormous dynamic loads due to constant braking and dispersal of trains.
To reduce cash costs, instead ofmetal supports were reinforced concrete. Since the construction was carried out in winter, salt was added to the concrete to reduce the freezing point of water. This caused intense corrosion of the metal structure. Because of poor-quality waterproofing, the station was constantly flooded in the spring.
After flooding in the summer of 1959, practicallythe abandoned metro Vorobyovy Gory was in a state of decline for about a year. In the summer of 1960, the ceiling began to collapse, and from the height of four meters the duraluminous cornices began to fall. Subsequently, cracks appeared in concrete coatings, and as a result, the station was still closed for repairs. It happened on October 20, 1983.
Since 1986, trains have moved onlyBypass bridges built on both sides of the main one. The upper tier operated for quite a long time because of the absence of a bypass road. Reconstruction of the station, it should be noted, lasted a very long time due to poor financial supply during the restructuring of the late 1980s and in the 1990s. According to official data, the reconstruction of the station lasted a long 19 years, but active construction work was carried out only from 1999 to around 2002.
Only on December 14, 2002 the station was reopened. On May 12, 1999, it was renamed in honor of the historical district of the same name, until that time it was called "the Lenin Hills".
Section 3. Metro "Sparrow Hills". Typical features of the station
To date, the station has two vestibules. The northern one is equipped with an escalator, it goes to the Luzhnetskaya embankment and to the sports complex "Luzhniki". The lower hall of the southern vestibule opens onto the Vorobyevskaya embankment, the upper hall - to the natural reserve "Vorobyovy Gory".
The station is distinguished by modern design. The walls of the corridors and the bridge support that pass through the hall are lined with green and white marble. The floor is covered with gray granite. Transparent travel walls give an opportunity to admire the beautiful view of the Moscow River.
Unusually decorated room on duty station - in the form of a captain's bridge.