Moss Phoenix: features of plants for aquaspace
Among the special place is mosses for the aquarium. Aquascapers (water landscape designers) highlight the artistic features of these plants, giving the opportunity to create forms (even geometric) and not to destroy them with growth. Moss Phoenix fits perfectly into the overall picture of the closed aquatic space occupied by these ancient plants. And its features allowed him to take a special place among the aquarium mosses.
Basic mosses that are required for aquascaping
Javanese - Taxiphyllum Barbieri.
This is the most affordable aquarium of East Asia, versatile and unpretentious. It is used to create small landscape forms, such as carpeting, growth rates are low, easy to cut (after removal of old shoots gives a dense growth).
Christmas Moss - Christmas Moss, Vesicularia montagnei.
Brazilian plant (which came from Japan, where it is called Amazonian), is a fast-growing, eye-catching green shade - a real treat in an aquarium.
Monosolenium tenerum - Monosolenium tenerum (mistakenly called Pelias).
Aquarium mfrom the Pacific countries of the Far East, it is found in India, China, Japan, growing in Hawaii. Unpretentious to the conditions of detention, its layered structure, giving coral-shaped forms, allows even an inexperienced aquarist to create different landscapes.
Riccia fluitans - Riccia.
A very interesting form of moss - tends to float, if not attached. Ideal substrate for fry. It takes a lot of light and carbon dioxide to see the wild beauty of thallus.
- Moss Phoenix - Fissidens fontanus.
A gentle plant native to America. How aquarium culture began to be used in the Russian Federation quite recently (at the beginning of the 21st century). Unpretentious in the content, forms a landscape form at will, not particularly keen to grow.
Moss Phoenix: Description
The plant consists of small tender twigs (2-2.5 cm) with narrow, sharp at the end of the leaves with the next location on the stem (like on a birch tree).
Its name Moss Phoenix was due to the similarity of the leaves on the feathers of the phoenix bird. The second name (American) - fontanus (Fontanus) - is obtained by moss because its sprouts, growing, take the form of a frozen fountain.
In natural habitats (reservoirs of North America) Phoenix moss can be found in slow-flowing rivers or where there is stagnant water.It floats to the surface with small bumps as the water level changes. In dry weather, Fontanus adapts to the natural landscape, fastening to the roots of trees, stones, bark, accumulating in lowlands with a minimum amount of water.
The property of this moss - quickly attached to any surface - is especially often used in aquascaping.
Moss Phoenix: content in the aquarium
The plant lives on the natural cycle of all mosses, taking food from the water with all its parts. Knowing this feature, aquarists, when using it, often try not to change the water, because the plants will not receive food from clean water.Phoenix moss is attached to the surfaces with rhizoids - root shoots (they do not perform the function of the roots - they are simply processes for fixing on any surface).
In any aquarium, Phoenix moss will look natural if it is fixed in small pieces on stones or on any natural imitations.
For normal life it necessarily requires a primer. Colonies of bacteria live in it, which ensure the processing of waste products of aquarium organisms, transforming them into the ammonia form, then into nitrates and nitrites.If you stop this process in an aquarium, the development of algae will become explosive for Phoenix. Mosses do not like the presence of algae.
Excessive aeration is harmful to the Fissidens fontanus, as in natural conditions moss lives only in stagnant (or slow-flowing) waters.
For growth, Phoenix does not require excessive illumination, just 0.5 watts per liter. Excessive illumination will give rapid growth of algae, although moss will also grow quickly.
Water requirements for the Fissidens fontanus
Moss Phoenix freely withstands temperature fluctuations from 4 to 30 degrees Celsius. Feels good at 26-28 degrees. A higher temperature inhibits the plant.
Acidity indicators are not critical for the content, the pH can be maintained from 5 to 7.5.
Carbonate hardness (CO2 content in aquarium water) should be from 0 to 14 KN (4.28-5.35 mEq / l). A combination of KN = 2 at PH = 7 is considered critical, if the PH increases slightly, the plants are oppressed.
To maintain the required water parameters, periodic water tests are needed.
Fertilizers, CO2 and water changes in the aquarium with the Fissidens fontanus
oh eats all its educated surfaces of leaves, stems, and rhizoids. Therefore, extra liquid fertilizer is not needed for it.
The presence of CO2 is much more important.The presence of a fish school that is normal for the water volume will enable aquarists not to use special carbon dioxide generation plants, ensuring stable biological equilibrium.
But the change of water (partial) is required from two to once a week. The Phoenix responds well to a shift from one quarter to one third of the water.
Creating landscape forms
Phoenix moss is fastened with threads to any object that will later be used as an element of the landscape. Thin sprigs of a plant in a month give a plentiful gain. Dense growth grows up and sideways along the perimeter, trying to take the form of a ball. This property is especially valuable for creating hummocks (with other plants it is difficult to achieve this, sometimes it is simply impossible). The bump will grow slowly, it can always be cut.
On the branches Phoenix can be tied a thin layer, tightly pressing the fragments. Growing up, the moss very naturally twirls the substrate, dangling single stalks gently sway when the water moves lightly.
Located at the foot of a stone imitating a rock, the moss will develop by its own rules, creating a bump.And if it is tied to the foot, it will twist a stone, drawing a litter.
Moss has a remarkable property for aqua-surfacing: its rhizoids grow fairly quickly, so it is not necessary to repeat the attachment to forms, thus the biological balance of the water space is often not disturbed.