Mulino what is it and how to choose the thread
How to make a right choice
Threads of a floss are yarn thatIs obtained by factory or manual method. They are mainly intended for embroidery. You can buy them in coils, each hank from 8 to 20 m. Sometimes you can find stores that sell thread by the meter. Also you can meet already ready set mulina.
There are some rules that should be followed when choosing a mulina.
Each manufacturer provides its ownA card of colors of threads for embroidery. When using schemes, they are written on the manufacturer with respect to which the color gamut of threads is selected. If you can not use the specified brand, you should refer to the table of the colors of one manufacturer's thread in the other.
The color must fully correspond to itsNumber. The room itself is located on the package in which the skein is located. Sometimes, at one manufacturer, but in different parties threads of a moulin may vary slightly in tone and the work will be spoiled. To prevent this from happening, it is worth giving preference to world brands or stocking up with the necessary quantity;
- The color of the threads should be bright and uniform. The thread itself should not have any damage and be even. Do not succumb to molting and burning out in sunlight;
- As for molting, it's easy to check. At home, wet the threads of the mulina in hot water, and then press it against the white cloth and hold it over it. If there is a trace, then such threads are not suitable for embroidery. Check the quality of the color can be in the store. Just swipe the thread with a damp white kerchief;
- That the image pleased, it is necessary to choose not only the threads. Kanva is the material on which the picture will be depicted;
- If there are difficulties with the selection of material or drawing, you can use the ready-made, sold in the store, a set of mulina.
Threads for embroidery - what they are
Embroidery with a cross is a very responsible and time-consuming process, the result of which will be very gratifying. To accurately determine the pattern, you need to know what types of threads for embroidery exists.
It is the most common. In its composition has 100% cotton. If you wash a thing with a pattern from a cotton floss, washed in hot water, the color will be preserved and the product will not deteriorate. If you give preference to proven brands, then the color scheme and appearance will only please.
These embroidery threads are twisted into a hank (cram). The average length of the pass is 8 meters, but this is not an unquestioning rule. Each hank (pram) has 6 threads. You can try to embroider a whole crochet or part of it, but then there must be a corresponding canvas. In this case, you can adjust the length of the thread.
Flax linen Flax is very strong material,So the embroidery threads from it are durable. In addition, they differ silkiness and super-resistant dyes, which will allow you to admire the image for a long time.
Acrylic and woolen threads They can be combined inOne group. They are designed for embroidering pillows, rugs or other decorating work. They have a rich selection of colors and cross-stitch embroidery with such threads will be a pleasure. Woolen threads are used to create the effect of fur. This is achieved by the deposited mohair. They also suggest embroidering a cross on rough fabrics. Such threads are rolled up in a skein.
Metallized yarns Another variety -Threads of a floss in which a metallized thread is added. They are also called polyester threads. This addition represents various effects in which the images will glow with expensive metals or stones.
Melange threads Their peculiarity is the transitionFrom one color to another. With their help you can do manipulations with the drawing, or, more precisely, with light and shadow. In the process of embroidering, special light nuances appear. When embroidering a cross, each segment is executed separately.
A picture embroidered with the use of stemsThreads In a separate category, luminescent threads are distinguished. Such a picture is easy to impress. Some luminous threads have phosphorus in their composition, others create the effect of a matte radiance. In any case, the work in which the luminous threads were used would be incomparable. They can be divided into:
- Luminescent threads - glowing in the dark. They do not need an additional power source;
- Fluorescent - glowing threads in ultraviolet light.
The image that shines in the dark is most often used by young people. This is especially true for nightclubs.
Harsh Threads Another type of thread -Severe. It is correct to emphasize the letter "s". The name of this string for embroidery comes from the word raw. Thus, severe threads are not processed.
Threads for machine embroidery
Also, embroidery threads are divided into those that involve manual work and thread for
. In the case of automated embroidery,The material is used a little differently. Threads for machine embroidery are two - upper and lower. The lower one is of two colors: white and black. It remains on the underside of the product. Upper threads for
Are sold wound on a reel.
The list of threads by composition is different from the list for handmade work:
- From viscose;
- From polyester;
How to work with a moulinet
Before you start working with the selected pattern, you need to know some basics of embroidery. It will not hurt to learn the rules of dealing with the image, as well as some recommendations.
- Before you start, you need to check the thread for the quality of the paint. The verification method is described above;
- Under no circumstances can the fabric with the embroidered pattern be washed in a washing machine. The use of bleaches with chlorine is also excluded;
- Do not make knots on the product. They are mistakenly done at the beginning and at the end of the work. To fix the thread, you need to take a skein and separate the thread (or several threads) from it. Put it in the needle. The needle should be taken from the purl on the front side. Then the canvas is taken and through it the needle with the floss is passed. At the same time, one end is fixed to the tissue, and the other remains free. At the end of the work with the drawing, the end is traced under the stitch from the wrong side, and the extra one is cut off. It is best if the thread is not hiding under one cross, but under several;
- In the event that dark and light threads of the mulina are encountered during work, you do not need to hide the dark ends, under the light ones. This is a threatening clearance from the front;
- To smooth out the picture with a wet pattern is not recommended. The result may be a moulting thread;
- If the needlewoman is just beginning to embroider with a cross, then it is best to use the ready-made kit for the mulina. It already has a schematic and the required thread colors. In addition, you can choose a not very complex drawing;
- Cotton threads are used for embroidery on dense bases;
- In addition to the usual threads of a floss, you can use woolen, silk or ordinary sewing thread. In this case, it is worth remembering that the canvas must match;
- From this follows the rule. Always keep an eye on the canvas to match the threads. You can make a picture with an image of the type of lace. In this case, the canvas should be for a thicker thread than the one used. For thick materials, wool and acrylic are ideal. In many cases, they are included in a set of muleine for embroidering pillows.
How to store the remnants of threads
Even if a set of floss is bought, there is a largeProbability that there will be a thread. For the remains, you need to think of a way to store them. Many believe that for the most part, storing threads of a mulina does not cause much trouble. However, experienced needlewomen assure that after embroidering there are still threads that require storage and they accumulate a lot. Let's look at some ways to store leftovers:
- Buy special containers. The only snag in the constantly arriving number of threads and the gradual confinement of space;
- For reuse is fineSuitable small plastic spools. They can be purchased at any needlework store. They have special incisions. They prevent unwinding of the threads. In order not to get confused, the numbers simply stick to the numbers;
- Another way to store the remaining threads - cardboard reels. They have the same principle as the previous version, but the cardboard is less durable;
- Files from plastic and bones. Everything is fixed in a folder and perfectly suited for carrying. But to store in this way constantly thread for embroidery is not recommended. Threads are constantly unwound and stickers with the number regularly slip;
- Embroidery threads can be hidden in special small bags. They will occupy more places, but they will be more securely preserved;
- You can thread the threads in a fashion and keep it that way;
- You can come up with your own way.
It is best to separate the polyester threads fromCotton, glowing from ordinary and so on. The least problem with storage is the canvas. In any case, embroidering a cross is fascinating and interesting, despite the difficulties of preserving the material.