Pediatrics in Karelia. Children's Republican Hospital of Petrozavodsk
On the territory of present-day Karelia in the early 20th centurypediatrics was not developed. This is indicated by the lack of children's hospitals and specialists for that period. Provision of medical assistance was carried out by Zemstvo doctors consisting of 24 people. In 13 small hospitals, in which there were generally 637 beds, there were no separate chambers for children, nor the corresponding departments.
The history of the birth and development of pediatrics in Karelia
Since 1927, the firstadvisory centers. At the same time, infectious and somatic departments were created, which were part of the city and rural hospitals. In the early 30-ies in Karelia, the first children's kitchens were organized. From the same time, pediatricians began to work. The ambulatory service was formed at a rapid pace. In 1945-1967 in the city of Petrozavodsk, independent children's hospitals were gradually created. They were located in the adapted premises and numbered 80-125 places. It should be noted that during this period the republic had a sufficiently high infant mortality rate. The administration tried to do everything possible to correct the situation. So, the Council of Ministers of the KASSR in 1963 decided to create a multi-profile large medical institution. So the children's republican hospital of Petrozavodsk began its existence. It was then calculated for 100 people. The Children's Republican Hospital of Petrozavodsk was placed in the administrative building along Frunze Street, 33. The head of the medical institution was Borisova Valentina Alexandrovna, the honored doctor of not only Karelia, but also Russia.
Currently, the children's republicanThe hospital in Petrozavodsk is a multidisciplinary, multifunctional hospital of wide specialization. The institution can accept 400 people at the same time. The polyclinic of the Children's Republican Hospital (Petrozavodsk) accepts 300 patients per shift. The hospital provides planned and emergency medical care to patients from birth to 18 years. In the hospital around the clock brought children with somatic and surgical diseases of acute form, trauma.
Polyclinic, which is part of the medicalinstitution, and provides advisory assistance to children in the regions of Karelia. In particular, it serves 10,350 people in the Drevlyanka neighborhood. Due to the convenient schedule of doctors' work and the affordable cost of diagnosis, most patients can be examined in one day.Children's Republican Hospital (St. Petrozavodsk) serves as a base for the departments of surgery and pediatrics, which are part of the medical faculty of PetrSU. They, together with the profile departments, carry out work aimed at training highly qualified personnel. Scientific and research activity, along with other, is one of the main directions for the work of the Children's Republican Hospital (Petrozavodsk). Phone of the registry: 750-480.
The hospital is operating 146doctors, 66% of whom have the highest qualification category. 15 employees have the honorary title "Honored Doctor of the Republic of Karelia". Here there are 8 candidates of medical sciences. The average level includes 338 people, 84 of them have the highest qualification in their specialty. The Children's Republican Hospital of Petrozavodsk actively cooperates with medical institutions in Finland, Germany and the USA. In addition, seminars are held on a regular basis, training is actively conducted in the workplace. In 2005, the Children's Republican Hospital of Petrozavodsk was recognized as the best institution. For this clinic was awarded a diploma of the Government of Karelia. The institution was also awarded the Certificate of Association of Russian Children's Clinics for providing specialized hospital care.
In January 2006, the hospital was foundedrepublican neonatal complex. Here, newborns belonging to the high-risk group are being treated. In a specialized institution, they receive rehabilitation treatment at the current level, intensive care and subsequent qualified supervision. This is one of the largest departments of all, which includes a children's republican hospital (Petrozavodsk). Allergotsentr on the basis of the clinic provides planned and urgent assistance. The department accepts patients and with pulmonological pathology. In January 2010, the center of violations of the pelvic organs began functioning. It treats children with pathology of the rectum and large intestine, inflammatory disorders of the genitals, juvenile bleeding, malformations and urinary tract diseases.
Functions and Service Areas
The polyclinic is a large structural subdivision of DRB and performs two tasks:
- Provides primary health care to the children of the Drevlyanka neighborhood.
- Provides specialized counseling and diagnostic assistance to children in 24 areas.
The service area includes the area of the campus, the Drevlyanka neighborhood, as well as part of the Perevalka district, which is adjacent to the hospital buildings.
The structure of the institution includes:
- Administrative and economic part. It consists of the offices of the head, senior nurse, sister-hostess.
- Informational and analytical service (statistics office, registry, card file).
- Department of treatment and prevention. This includes the offices of a healthy child, pediatrician-district, procedures and vaccinations.
- Branch of consultation and diagnostics. Here are the offices of X-ray and other studies. In the same department, doctors-diagnosticians are accepted.
- Department of Rehabilitation Therapy. There are massage, physiotherapy rooms, inhalation rooms, halochamber, specialized room for paraffin and thermal therapy, electrosleep, swimming pool.
- Department of the provision of medical care in educational institutions.
- Service of medical prevention. There are rooms for AKDO, a doctor, and social assistance.
- Home hospital.
- Cabinet of traumatology for emergency assistance.