Plug-in structures. Examples of using introductory and plug-in structures
Plug-ins - these are separate words, phrasesor additional proposals that represent a kind of commentary, introduce additional amendments, clarifications, clarifications to the main idea expressed in the whole sentence.
Characteristic features of the inserted structures:
- they can not stand at the very beginning of the sentence;
- on writing, plug-in constructions are separated by brackets or dashes, but not by commas;
- In places where the insertion structure is placed, a pause is observed when the phrase is spoken, the tone of speech is usually lowered. Examples:
- Late in the evening (it was about eleven) we were awoken by a light knock on the windowpane.
- Many young girls (like Chekhov's "sisters") are trying to find luck and happiness in Moscow.
- Obeying the strange whim, as well as the innate instinct of a clown, a comedian, he betrayed himself - and not somewhere, but in Paris! - for the Englishman. (Dode)
- By the simplicity of his nature - it was his distinctive feature - he could trust the first person he met.
- In the meantime, the twilight was gathering rapidly (it was in winter), and the outlines of the objects became more vague.
Plug-in structures can function aspredicative parts of the sentence, that is, to be a simple sentence that is in a single semantic and syntactic integrity with a complex sentence.
- You will (as I already mentioned) be present with the rest of the meeting.
- The rain (and it was already three hours) did not seem to stop all night.
A fairly large group consists of inserts that indicate the date: year, century, etc.
- This was exactly the time (60th years) of disputes between "physicists and lyricists".
- Bramante was seventy years old when he died (1514), not having completed the reconstruction of the Vatican.
Plug-in designs, examples of which are given below, are combined with the main sentence by means of unions and union words.
- He did not object to the reproach in his address (because he did not have time to do anything), but the mood was spoiled for the whole day.
- Michael has always been interested in architecture (and he dreamed of the architectural profession since childhood), and getting to know a new city, he always began with architectural monuments.
It is necessary to distinguish between introductory and plug-in structures. Unlike the latter, the introductory constructions are formally not related to the sentence members. They can express different meanings with emotional coloring: surprise, joy, regret, irony, etc. (to the surprise, to the horror, to the luck, to the chagrin, fortunately, that it is a sin to conceal):
- What a sin to conceal, he took little interest in farming.
Introductory constructions mean a sequence of actions or presentation of thoughts (first, secondly, first of all, in conclusion, finally):
- Firstly, I have already seen this film, and secondly, I prefer the melodrama psychological thriller.
They can also perform a modal function, giving an estimate in terms of the reality of the event in question (undoubtedly, probably, definitely, of course, certainly, perhaps):
- Perhaps, you should not go fishing because of the promised hot weather.
Plug-in structures and introductory words enrichas an oral speech, making it more expressive and vivid, and author's style of the writer. However, it should be remembered that the use of these structures should not be misused.