Primary surgical treatment of wounds is a serious obstacle to infection
Primary surgical treatment of wounds isa complex of measures, which is aimed at preventing intrusion of pathogenic microflora into the human body. Since the beginning of its wide application, it has been possible to significantly reduce the number of septic complications in patients who have suffered some injuries.
It should be noted that the primary surgicalthe treatment of wounds is a rather complex set of measures. In each case the doctor independently determines its volume. There are different stages of primary surgical treatment of the wound.
Excision of the edges
This event is one of the most importantall complex. It is with him that the initial surgical treatment of wounds begins. This procedure is very useful for the body. At once it is worth noting the fact that the edges of the wound more often than other parts of it are seeded by pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, there are significant circulatory disorders in this area. Also, we should not forget that the wound is much better overgrown in the case when its edges are even. In addition, it is worth remembering that in this area, immediately after the damage, regeneration processes begin. If granulation tissue is formed, the edges of the wound will not be able to grow together independently. It is worth noting that this often does not happen immediately. Before applying seams, you must first "refresh" the edges of the wound. At the same time, the healing processes are significantly accelerated.
Primary surgical treatment of woundsunder the influence of anesthesia. In this case, the kind of anesthesia (local or general) depends entirely on how large the wounds are in a person, and where they are localized.
In some situations, exclude a significant amounttissue is not possible. This refers to cases where the primary surgical treatment of the wounds of the face, hands or tongue. In this case, doctors try to leave as little defects as possible after themselves.
In the event that in the area of damagethere are pronounced inflammatory reactions, then often stitches are superimposed immediately after excision of the edges of the wound. In addition, surgeons should pay attention to the degree of their "contamination". If it is sufficiently high, then after excision of the edges of the wound, often the defect is not immediately sewn up, but covered with an aseptic napkin. Naturally, this does not cancel the fact that any treatment involves the use of various antiseptics.
If wound healing occurs withoutany complications and with the usual speed, the seams can be removed already on the 7th or 8th day. This activity can be delayed if the rate of regeneration decreases or if there is an inflammatory response in the seam area.
It is worth remembering that first aid for injuries toopportunities should be provided to a person before the ambulance arrives. In this case, it is necessary to treat the wound with antiseptic preparations and tie it with an aseptic bandage.