Schwyz breed cow: characteristics, description, reviews, pros and cons
In many modern farms you can see cattle. It is bred for meat and dairy products. Among the local livestock breeders, the description and characteristics of which you will find in today's article are especially popular.
Brief historical background
These animals were bred in the highlands of Switzerland. Their ancestors are considered aboriginal short-legged cows, the remains of which are still found by archaeologists. In the course of selection, a careful selection of individuals best suited to the existing conditions and feeding methods was carried out.
At the first stage it was planned to get animals that can perform certain agricultural work. And only then the breeders began to develop the productivity of the Schwyz cow. Over time, they were brought to Italy and Germany.This breed came to the territory of Russia at the end of the XIX century. These cows required only high-quality feed, which were beyond the means of most ordinary farmers. Therefore, initially they were kept in the farms of wealthy landowners. And only a few decades later, ordinary farmers began to breed them.
The Shvitsky dairy breed of cows differs in harmonious addition with well developed fenders. The length of their slightly elongated body is about 170 centimeters. Powerful, slightly shortened neck smoothly turns into a strong flat back and lower back.
Under the body are properly set limbs. On the short head with a sweeping forehead there are dark horns. In the lower part of the body of the heifers, there is a cup-like rounded udder with cone-shaped nipples of medium size and perfectly formed milk ducts. The vein knocked down body of animals is covered with thick short hair of brown shade. Flexible, loose-fitting skin makes them more resistant to adverse climatic conditions and allows grazing on rocky paths and on hard-to-reach mountainous areas.
The average height of an adult cow of the Swiss breed can reach one and a half meters. The weight of an animal ranges from six to nine hundred kilograms. However, in some farms you can see individuals whose body mass is 950-1100 kg.
Representatives of this breed are conventionally divided into three different types. The first includes dairy animals. They have a slightly elongated body and less developed muscles.
The second group includes a dairy-meat cow of the Schwyz breed, distinguished by proportional addition and high productivity.
The third category includes meat and dairy animals with a compact body and undeveloped udder. Each of the above types is unique in its own way. All of them allow you to get the maximum amount of milk or meat.
Newborn calves weigh about forty kilograms. With proper cultivation and proper feeding by the age of one year, their weight increases to 250 kg. Indicators of daily growth of young stock can reach one kilogram.
Farms specializing in the dairy direction receive up to three and a half tons of products per year. The fat content of this milk is 3.5-3.8%.The protein content varies from 3.3 to 3.5%. The highly productive cow of the Swiss breed is capable of producing annually up to five tons of milk. And from some record holders receive up to 9 tons of products.
Feeding and feeding characteristics
Breeding cattle requires certain knowledge. It is possible to contain a brown brown Swiss breed, described in today's article, according to two different schemes.
The first - the year-round stall method implies that the animals are constantly in the pen. In cold weather, they are fed with beets, silage and hay. In the summer, greens are added to their diet with natural concentrates and bran. The second - the stall-grazing method assumes that in winter the livestock lives in pens and is fed with hay. In the warm season they are on mixed grass meadows.
Schwyz breed of cows, the price of which varies widely and can reach up to 800-1000 dollars per heifer, does not need insulated sheds. These animals are well overgrown with hair and tolerate cold. The width of the stall site, which contains such a cow, should not be less than three meters.
They are fed three times a day.The basis of the diet is hay with the addition of a small amount of bran and vegetables. In summer, it is advisable to graze cows in the meadows where peas, clover or alfalfa grows. In the cold months, calves are fed with straw, silage and beets.
Advantages and disadvantages
The popularity of Swiss cows is explained by the fact that they have a number of significant advantages. The main advantages of these animals include high productivity and the ability to adapt to any conditions of detention. In addition, they are characterized by a calm disposition, good health, good immunity and rarely give birth to dead offspring.
Despite all the above advantages, these animals have several significant drawbacks. The main disadvantages include the inability to keep them in large farms. This is due to the fact that representatives of this breed are poorly adapted to automated milking. In addition, they are sensitive to stale or poor-quality feed.
Conclusion and reviews
Schwyz breed cowOther parameters of which are discussed in detail in today's publication are considered to be one of the most promising for breeding in farms.According to experienced specialists who have long been engaged in the maintenance and breeding of these animals, they have good health and almost never get sick. It is also important that the Swiss cows are able to overcome considerable distances and easily adapt to different reliefs.
The representatives of this breed successfully combine the best qualities of mountain and valley animals. Therefore, they are highly valued in countries with high mountain pastures. The limbs of these cows are designed so that they easily overcome stony ravines and swampy swamps.
Experienced farmers draw the attention of newbies to the fact that, due to non-standard udder of Schwyz breed cows, it is impossible to milk them using mechanisms. Therefore, the process of obtaining milk takes a little more time. In addition, these animals are very fastidious in all that relates to food. If they do not like the food, they simply refuse to use it. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to this and think over the diet of your herd in advance.