My knees hurt - what to do? Joint Pain Ointment
Lower limbs play perhaps the most important role in human life. Of all the joints in the leg, the knee should be considered the most difficult. This is due to both the features of its structure, and the functions that it performs.
Specialists dealing with the problems of the musculoskeletal system often have to deal with complaints from patients that their knees hurt. What to do in this case? What kind of ointment for joint pain is better to apply? And why do your knees hurt? What complications can cause such symptoms? We will understand all these issues in more detail.
Medicine identifies several factors that cause discomfort in the area of the knee joint:
For natural reasons, vascular pain in the area of the knee joint can be caused by a violation of blood flow in the vessels that feed the ligaments. Usually severely hurt the knee in children who have reached puberty.
At this time there is an active growth of bone tissue and an increase in the size of all parts of the skeleton. And the development of blood vessels, when children grow up very quickly, may not keep pace with the process described above. That's why my knees hurt.
With age, the intensity of discomfort in the joints of the legs decreases, and in people older than 19–20 years, the pain disappears completely. In addition, the described symptoms do not reduce the amplitude of the movement of the knee when walking, squatting, playing sports and other similar activities.
Another sign of the natural causes of discomfort can be called a symmetrical manifestation of pain. That is, if a knee hurts on one leg when walking, the patient will experience the same sensations on the second.
There are a huge number of various diseases and disorders in which a person has sore knees. What to do in this case depends on the diagnosis, as well as on the stage and complexity of the pathology.
As mentioned above, the structure of the knee is one of the most complex in the whole human body, and the functions assigned to it, it is difficult to overestimate.
Pathology may affect:
bags of fluid surrounding the joint;
Let us consider in more detail the violations that lead to the fact that the patient has sore knees than to treat such diseases, how to prevent their occurrence.
Minor damage in the area of the joint of the lower limb, caused by any external influences, leads to a small internal hemorrhage in the area of the knee, create swelling and pain that impede flexion and extension of the leg.
During a visit to the traumatologist from the patient complaints are received that the knee is swollen and sore. This clinical picture is caused by the fact that microcirculation of the intracellular fluid is disturbed due to the injury of the tissues, and pain is formed due to the destruction of the nerve endings.
This medical term is called the entry of blood into the internal space of the knee joint. Typically, hemarthrosis occurs after injury or other, more serious damage. In most cases, it is diagnosed:
violation of the integrity of the knee capsule;
The blood trapped in the internal tissues of the ruptured blood vessels affects the synovial membrane of the knee joint. The villi present in it swell and begin to release a large amount of special fluid that serves to lubricate the joints of the heads of the bones in the joints. This further increases the swelling.
In appearance and internal sensations of the patient, the nature of the injury can be accurately diagnosed.
1. A large amount of blood in the damaged joint. The patient complains that he has a knee pain when bending. Most likely, there is a violation of the integrity of the synovial membrane, rupture of the cruciate ligament. Sometimes a similar clinical picture appears due to the destruction of the cartilage tissue of the meniscus.
2. Lack of blood at the site of traumatic exposure. There are complaints that the leg hurts under the knee. We can safely talk about damage to the articular cartilage and the crack in the meniscus area.
3. The presence of blood mixed with drops of fat. These are clear signs of bone damage.There is no doubt that a person with such an injury will have severe knee pain. What to do in this case? Ointment for joint pain, of course, will not help much. Required procedures for removing blood trapped in the injured node. Otherwise, very serious complications are possible, sometimes resulting in complete immobility of the lower limb and the patient’s disability.
Tearing of connective tissue on the outside of the knee
This pathology is not very common. Full or partial damage to the external lateral ligaments can be caused by an unnatural deviation of the leg inward. This can happen, for example, when falling on ice in winter.
Often, the symptoms under consideration are accompanied by a violation of the integrity of the head of the tibia, which is part of the knee joint. The victim says that he has a sore knee when bending inward. There are signs of hemarthrosis, movement of the lower limb is difficult.
The intensity of the external manifestations of the symptoms, as well as discomfort in the area of the knee, is often due to the degree of damage. With complete detachment, excessive mobility of the leg below the knee may also be observed.
Damage to the internal ligament
This case is quite common, but almost always the gap is incomplete. Unlike the previous pathology, the problem is caused by excessive deviation of the limb to the outside. In addition to ligament damage, injury is often accompanied by such unpleasant consequences:
rupture of the inner meniscus;
damage to the joint capsule.
The clinical picture is characterized by the patient's complaints that his knees hurt. What to do to accurately diagnose the nature of the injury? In this case, it is advisable to use magnetic resonance imaging of the damaged joint.
Additionally, the presence of the following external manifestations is established:
discomfort with palpation;
pain when moving in the knee;
in some cases, loose joint.
Cruciate ligament integrity damage
Pathology is accompanied by all signs of hemarthrosis. With acute pain, it is very difficult to establish the reason why the knees hurt, since it is impossible to investigate the external manifestations of the so-called drawer, which appears only during the trauma in question.In this case, only procedures are performed to remove blood from the joint, and diagnosis is delayed for up to a week.
To cure the disease is possible only through surgical intervention.
This type of traumatic impact on the lower limbs is more common. As a result of damage to the meniscus, the patient develops discomfort in the joints and pain in the legs below the knees.
In addition, a strong non-natural displacement in the region of the joint in question, when the thigh and shin are rigidly fixed, leads to a complete separation of the meniscus pad or the cartilage fracture by the heads of bones. The symptoms of hemarthrosis are rapidly manifested, the so-called blockade arises: the inability to completely straighten the leg in the knee.
Pathology requires mandatory treatment to a traumatologist. It is necessary to visit the hospital in the shortest possible time, even if the symptoms of the blockade disappear and hemarthrosis resolves. If no medical assistance is provided, the signs of meniscopathy will become more frequent, although the pain associated with it will decrease. But in the end everything will end with the development of deforming arthrosis, and this, in turn, will make treatment much harder and lead to serious negative consequences.
At the slightest suspicion of meniscus destruction, a thorough diagnosis of the severity of the injury is necessary. In addition to meniscopathy, the detection of intra-articular fractures, often leading to disability of the patient, is possible.
Offset of the patella
It is very rare, but in the absence of proper treatment leads to serious consequences. If the pathology has arisen in children, subsequent abnormal growth of bone tissue leads to deformation of the entire knee joint.
There are several types of patella dislocation:
Externally, the symptoms of the disorder are manifested in the form of pain in front and side of the knee joint. There may be laxity in the lower limb, as well as instability when walking. Diagnosis is performed using an x-ray. Treatment depends on the severity and nature of the pathology.
Traumatologists refer to this term as inflammation of the tendons that bind the joint together. The main factors that cause the disease in question should be recognized:
strong load on the joint for a long time;
infectious diseases (often caused by gonorrhea);
rheumatic diseases (arthritis, gout);
the effect of certain drugs;
deviations in the structure of the skeleton (for example, different length of the lower extremities);
impairments in the development and functioning of tendons and ligaments;
From the very beginning of the development of the patient's illness, painful sensations bother the patient, and the knee moves with some limitations. The pain is acute and does not go away for a long time. In addition, over time, discomfort only increases. When the joint is felt, the pain dramatically increases.
The name of this disease is derived from the word "bursa". This term refers to the articular membrane surrounding the knee and filled with a special fluid that lubricates the cartilage tissue and facilitates friction in the heads of the bones.
When bursitis, the skin around the knee becomes red, there is swelling and pain in the patella, the knee stops performing its functions.
If you do not take measures to get rid of the disease, you may experience various complications, for the treatment of which only surgical intervention is applied.
The use of ointments in the treatment of knees
To get rid of various symptoms and pathologies of the musculoskeletal system in general and the knee joints in particular, various ointments are very often used.
As mentioned above, the edema of the knee joint and painful sensations are the result of damage to the capillaries that supply blood to the node in the body. This causes deterioration of blood circulation and, as a result, difficulties with feeding the tissues with oxygen and their regeneration.
The use of ointments is aimed at achieving the following tasks:
reduction of irritation;
removal of inflammatory syndrome;
reduction of swelling and hematoma;
improved blood flow;
The vast majority of products of the modern pharmacological industry, among other things, has anti-inflammatory and anesthetic properties.
There are two large groups of drugs: warming and cooling.
Warming effect ointment
The most common drugs such as "Espol", "Fastum-gel", "Analgos". The warming effect of these drugs is due to a local increase in blood circulation in the tissues, which causes a feeling of heat.A feature of these funds is the impossibility of their use immediately after injury. For these cases, there are cooling ointments ("Venoruton-gel", "Reparil-gel").
Such pharmacological agents are usually indicated during the rehabilitation period and are effective in eliminating various diseases, many of which are not caused by injuries:
chronic pathology of ligaments.
The warming effect of ointments is often used for prophylactic purposes. They are very good help, when the musculoskeletal system is to be an intense load, for example when playing sports. Applying a warming ointment to the muscles and joints helps avoid pain after exercise and prevents stretching and tearing of the knee ligaments.
Such drugs are used immediately after joint damage (for example, Flexall is widely used). Naturally, the active substances of these drugs do not lower the temperature of body parts in the literal sense of the word, they only produce a cooling effect. They include many different components:
The combination of the above substances allows you to get rid of pain and has a calming effect on the place of injury.
The knee joint is one of the complex elements of the human body. He plays a very important role. This becomes well understood when pain arises in the joint, making it difficult to move normally.
Discomfort can be the result of many pathologies that need to be diagnosed and treated immediately after their detection. Otherwise, there is a danger of developing very serious complications, the treatment of which will require not only the use of medications, but also surgical intervention.