Sweet pepper: cultivation and care from seeds to fruits
In Russia, more and more is gaining popularitySweet pepper. Cultivation and care of it begins with the preparation of seeds. They sow it in the middle of February (for the middle belt) or in the second decade of March (for the southern regions).
Before sowing seeds are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate raspberry for disinfection and swelling for several hours. Then they need to be dried to flowability.
Before growing sweet peppers throughseedlings, you need to properly prepare the soil. For this, take 5 liters of turf ground, as much humus, add two glasses of sand and 1-2 cups of ash. Of mineral fertilizers will require: 2 tbsp. l. nitrofoski or other complex fertilizer, consisting of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Boxes or seedlings for 8-10 cm fill with warm, prepared soil, which should be slightly condensed and poured with pink solution of potassium permanganate. As containers for plants, you can use transverse packages (tetrapaks) from juice or milk with a volume of 1-1.5 liters with holes made (1 cm from the bottom) on the side faces.
To make the sweet pepper feel free,growing and caring for which requires some painstakingness, especially at the initial stage of vegetation, the seeds in the boxes are placed at a distance of 7-8 cm from each other. In the seedlings for one piece. Seeded seeds should be sprinkled with soil (1 cm) and compacted, moisten the ground with water from the spray gun. To prevent evaporation of moisture, cover the containers with glass or polyethylene before emergence (5-7 days). The temperature is maintained within the range of +23 ... +26 deg. When the first shoots appear, the coating is removed.
All seedlings at the beginning of the growing seasonsuffer from a lack of sunlight, including sweet pepper. Cultivation and care of it is reduced to maintaining a certain temperature regime (by day +25, at night +20) and illumination by daylight lamps. And also to watering with warm water as the soil dries (every 5-7 days).
The soil under the planting of pepper is filled with humus and mineral fertilizer, consisting of phosphorus and potassium (according to the instructions).
When plants have 10-12 leaves and first buds, they are planted in the ground. Sweet pepper in the greenhouse is placed in the early days of May, and in the open ground - in late May - early June.
Peppers in the open ground
In the open ground to the place where last yeargrew cabbage, onions or carrots, the sweet pepper is planted. Cultivation and care consists of regular watering, timely loosening of the soil in row-spacing and weeding as needed.
The first feeding in June is made with potassium and phosphorus, the second in July - with potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, the third in August - with nitrogen and phosphorus (according to the instructions).
Sweet pepper in the greenhouse
Soil dressing and top dressing are the same as foropen ground. In the greenhouse, care must be taken to ensure that the condensate does not settle on the plant leaves and that the ventilation is carried out in sufficient volume. To do this, it is desirable to wallow the soil (stale sawdust, straw, perforated paper, etc.) and cover the window only for the night. The distance between plants in the greenhouse should be 50 - 100 cm, depending on the varietal characteristics.