Talks of Saltykov-Shchedrin: a list and analysis
Famous writer Mikhail EvgrafovichSaltykov-Shchedrin was truly a great creator. Being an official, he skillfully denounced ignorant noblemen and praised the simple Russian people. The tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin, whose list includes more than a dozen, are the property of our classical literature.
All the tales of Mikhail Evgrafovich written withusing acute sarcasm. With the help of heroes (animals or people), he ridicules not so much the human vices, as the scarcity of higher ranks. Talks Saltykov-Shchedrin, whose list would be incomplete without a story about the wild landowner, help us see the attitude of noblemen of the 19 th century to their serfs. The story is small, but it makes you think about many serious things.
The landowner with a strange name Urus Kuchum Kildibayevlives for his own pleasure: collects a rich harvest, has a luxurious home and a lot of land. But one day he was tired of the abundance of peasants in his house and decided to get rid of them. The landowner prayed to God, but he did not heed his requests. He began in every way to mock the peasants, began to press them with taxes. And then the Lord took pity on them, and they disappeared.
At first the stupid landlord was happy:now no one bothered him. But later he began to feel their absence: no one cooked him food, did not clean it in the house. The visiting generals and the police chief called him a fool. But he did not understand why they treat him like that. In the end, he was so wild that he even looked like an animal: he grew hair, climbed trees, and tore his prey with his hands and ate.
The satirical appearance of the nobleman's vices is masterfuldepicted Saltykov-Shchedrin. The tale "Wild landlord" shows how stupid a man can be without understanding that he lived well only thanks to his peasants.
In the finale, all serfs return to the landowner,and life blossoms again: the market sells meat, the house is clean and tidy. Yes, only Urus Kuchum did not return to his former appearance. He still mumbles, missing his former wild life.
"The wise minnows"
Many from childhood remember tales of Saltykov-Shchedrin,list of which is not small: "As a man of two generals fed," "Bear in the voivodeship", "Kissel", "Konyaga." True, we begin to understand the real meaning of these stories when we become adults.
Such is the fairy tale "The Wise Gudgeon".He lived all his life and was afraid of everything: cancer, water flea, man and even his own brother. Parents bequeathed to him: "Look at both!" And he decided to hide all his life, and not to be seen by anyone. And he lived for more than a hundred years. I have not seen or heard anything in my life.
The Tale of Saltykov-Shchedrin "The Wise Gudgeon"ridicules stupid people who are ready to live their whole lives in fear of any danger. Now the old fish was thinking about what he was living for. And he felt so sad because he did not see white light. I decided to come up because of my driftwood. And after it no one saw.
The writer laughs that even a pike will not have such an old fish. The minnow in the work is called wise, but this is undoubtedly a satirical device, because it is extremely difficult to call it clever.
Talks of Saltykov-Shchedrin (the list of them is listedabove) have become a real storehouse of Russian literature. How clearly and wisely the author describes human shortcomings! These stories have not lost relevance in our time. In this they resemble fables.