Mosques are a gathering place for Muslims to pray. Often they are striking not only for their beauty and decoration, but also for their size, because they have to accommodate a huge number of believers.
The largest mosque in the world: a revised leaderIn third place in capacity is the Shah Faisal Mosque. She is in Islamabad, in Pakistan. The construction of the temple was sponsored by Saudi Arabia, which is why it was named in honor of the King of Saud of that time, Faisal. It was he who expressed the wish to build a large mosque in Islamabad, when the city was still being built. Therefore, it turns out that Faisal was the initiator of its construction.
It is worth noting that Shah Faisal used to be only in sixth place among the largest mosques in the world. However, the experts took into account the capacity of the adjacent territory per 100 thousand people, as well as the courtyard and the prayer hall, this is another 200 thousand people. New numbers helped to get mosques to third place in the ranking of the largest mosques in the world.
By the way, the king of Saudi expressed his desire to build a mosque back in 1966, three years later, projects were prepared for the competition. The temple itself began to be erected in 1976, and they completed approximately in 1985. And the architecture of one of the largest mosques in the world combines all the traditions of Muslim architecture, as well as modern approaches. On the one hand, the mosque has everything that is attributed to the classical mosque: minarets, a prayer hall with mosaics and paintings. And at the same time the temple is not like any other in the world.
Shah Faisal is capable of causing contradictory associations, that is, she is able to keep the visitor in awe and amazement. This is because the mosque looks like a nomad's tent, who stopped for the night in the lower reaches of the mountain (there are Himalayas behind the mountain and it seems that the traveler decided to stop before going).On the other hand, it seems that a spaceship with aliens stopped at the site of the mosque - such a futuristic structure.
And finally, information about what the mosque was built from: it is concrete and marble. It contains an incredible number of straight lines for the Muslim sanctuary and a beautiful golden ball-chandelier. At night, she looks enchanting, with the light of lights and illuminations.
The second largest mosque in the worldThis is the mosque of the Prophet, which is in Saudi Arabia, but in Medina, and not in Mecca. The Prophet's Mosque is the second shrine of Islam. The temple stood in Medina in the days of the earthly life of the Prophet Muhamad. Subsequently, he, as well as the righteous caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar were buried here. The tomb of the Prophet is located under the green dome. Believers believe that he participated in the construction of a mosque.
The largest mosque in the world: the heart of the Islamic worldIn one of the most important Muslim shrines in the al-Haram mosque in Mecca, is the heart of the Islamic world. This Kaaba - the main shrine of Islam.In Arabic, the kaaba bears the symbolic name “al-Beit al-Haram”, which means “sacred house”. Therefore, believers strive to the courtyard of the Sacred Mosque their whole lives. And it is towards the largest mosque in the world that they turn, reading namaz five times a day. By the way, every Muslim, if he has the opportunity, is obliged to make a pilgrimage to the Kaaba.
Over the centuries, the main mosque building was regularly reconstructed and rebuilt. As the number of pilgrims increased steadily, it became necessary to increase the capacity of the sanctuary. The last time the construction took place on the territory of the largest mosque in the world in 1980. Then one corpus of impressive size and two minarets were added.
Well, those who did not have enough space in the chapels on three floors, can pray on the roof of the building, which has long been specially decorated with marble slabs. By the way, the prayer rooms are even in the basements, but they are opened only on the days of a special influx of visitors. To make believers comfortable, the building of the largest mosque in the world is equipped with air conditioning, escalators, as well as modern video cameras. The complex has its own television and radio studios.