Mosques are a gathering place for Muslims to pray. Often they are striking not only for their beauty and decoration, but also for their size, because they have to accommodate a huge number of believers.

The largest mosque in the world: a revised leader

In third place in capacity is the Shah Faisal Mosque. She is in Islamabad, in Pakistan. The construction of the temple was sponsored by Saudi Arabia, which is why it was named in honor of the King of Saud of that time, Faisal. It was he who expressed the wish to build a large mosque in Islamabad, when the city was still being built. Therefore, it turns out that Faisal was the initiator of its construction.
It is worth noting that Shah Faisal used to be only in sixth place among the largest mosques in the world. However, the experts took into account the capacity of the adjacent territory per 100 thousand people, as well as the courtyard and the prayer hall, this is another 200 thousand people. New numbers helped to get mosques to third place in the ranking of the largest mosques in the world.
One of the largest mosques Shah FaisalOne of the largest mosques Shah Faisal
The prayer hall of the mosque has an area of ​​0.48 hectares, and the total area of ​​the temple is almost 19 hectares, with a dome height of 40 meters. Minarets rise at an altitude of 88 meters. Saudi Arabia has spent 130 million rials to build such a giant mosque. This is about 120 million dollars. And some sources give this mosque the first place in the world, the largest single hall for prayers, which is located under the same dome.
By the way, the king of Saudi expressed his desire to build a mosque back in 1966, three years later, projects were prepared for the competition. The temple itself began to be erected in 1976, and they completed approximately in 1985. And the architecture of one of the largest mosques in the world combines all the traditions of Muslim architecture, as well as modern approaches. On the one hand, the mosque has everything that is attributed to the classical mosque: minarets, a prayer hall with mosaics and paintings. And at the same time the temple is not like any other in the world.
Shah Faisal is capable of causing contradictory associations, that is, she is able to keep the visitor in awe and amazement. This is because the mosque looks like a nomad's tent, who stopped for the night in the lower reaches of the mountain (there are Himalayas behind the mountain and it seems that the traveler decided to stop before going).On the other hand, it seems that a spaceship with aliens stopped at the site of the mosque - such a futuristic structure.
The interior of the Shah Faisal MosqueThe interior of the Shah Faisal Mosque
The four minarets that create a visual square around the mosque will remind the believer of the mosque in Istanbul. And this is the only thing that an architect from Turkey, Vedat Dalokai, took from his people and carried to Pakistani land (the mosque was built according to his project).
And finally, information about what the mosque was built from: it is concrete and marble. It contains an incredible number of straight lines for the Muslim sanctuary and a beautiful golden ball-chandelier. At night, she looks enchanting, with the light of lights and illuminations.

The second largest mosque in the world

This is the mosque of the Prophet, which is in Saudi Arabia, but in Medina, and not in Mecca. The Prophet's Mosque is the second shrine of Islam. The temple stood in Medina in the days of the earthly life of the Prophet Muhamad. Subsequently, he, as well as the righteous caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar were buried here. The tomb of the Prophet is located under the green dome. Believers believe that he participated in the construction of a mosque.
The Great Mosque of the Prophet in MedinaThe Great Mosque of the Prophet in Medina
The mosque was built in the first year of the Hijra, later it was rebuilt many times and expanded. Now the capacity of the Prophet's Mosque is 600 thousand people. The territory of the sanctuary is about 400-500 square meters. But it is believed that during the hajj, it can hold up to a million people. One of the components of the temple is a platform with a height of 30 centimeters - it is the veranda of Safa, a place where the associates once lived, but left their dwellings and moved to the Prophet exactly until they found housing for themselves. It is believed that from 70 to 100 askhabs lived on the veranda.
One of the largest mosques - the Prophet's Mosque
Perhaps the most important decoration of a mosque is columns. And each of them has a name and tells with its presence about the events that it has witnessed. The architecture of the whole ensemble has a classic style. And it was from this mosque that the main architectural features in the rest of the mosques of the world were adopted. In front of the temple there is a classic rectangular square, where believers pray, gather for meetings, litigations and classes.

The largest mosque in the world: the heart of the Islamic world

In one of the most important Muslim shrines in the al-Haram mosque in Mecca, is the heart of the Islamic world. This Kaaba - the main shrine of Islam.In Arabic, the kaaba bears the symbolic name “al-Beit al-Haram”, which means “sacred house”. Therefore, believers strive to the courtyard of the Sacred Mosque their whole lives. And it is towards the largest mosque in the world that they turn, reading namaz five times a day. By the way, every Muslim, if he has the opportunity, is obliged to make a pilgrimage to the Kaaba.
Over the centuries, the main mosque building was regularly reconstructed and rebuilt. As the number of pilgrims increased steadily, it became necessary to increase the capacity of the sanctuary. The last time the construction took place on the territory of the largest mosque in the world in 1980. Then one corpus of impressive size and two minarets were added.
Al-Haram Mosque - the largest mosque in the worldAl-Haram Mosque - the largest mosque in the world
The number of minarets in Haram Beit Ullah grew in proportion to the mosque. And now there are nine of them. In height, they are ninety-five meters. Well, the area of ​​the entire structure at the moment is equal to 309 thousand square meters. The complex has four main entrances with gates, as well as 44 minor. It is difficult to imagine the rivers of believers flow into these doors, but up to 700 thousand people can get into the mosque for one prayer.
Well, those who did not have enough space in the chapels on three floors, can pray on the roof of the building, which has long been specially decorated with marble slabs. By the way, the prayer rooms are even in the basements, but they are opened only on the days of a special influx of visitors. To make believers comfortable, the building of the largest mosque in the world is equipped with air conditioning, escalators, as well as modern video cameras. The complex has its own television and radio studios.

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