The population of Kaluga - the ancient Russian city
Kaluga is one of the oldest Russian cities. What is famous for this city? What historical events are associated with his name? How many people live in Kaluga today? Answers to these questions can be found in the article.
Location and time of foundation of Kaluga
Kaluga is located on the Central Russian Upland, near the left bank of the Oka, in the place where the Yachenka River flows into it. The proximity of the waterway played a large role in the formation and development of the city, influenced the population of Kaluga. By the beginning of the XIX century, this city was one of the largest Russian river ports.
The mention of Kaluga was first found in 1371 in the letters of Prince Olgerd. From this date, the city and leads its time countdown. In 1389, Kaluga became part of the principality of Moscow.
Events in the history of the city that influenced the number of its inhabitants
Kaluzhans, namely the so-called residents of the city, for many centuries of their history have repeatedly fought for the freedom of the Russian land.In 1380, they courageously fought with the Tatar hordes as part of the army of Prince Dmitry Donskoy.
In the 15th century, Kaluga became the epicenter of the defensive struggle of the Russian people against the encroachments of the Horde khan Akhmat.
The 17th century became full of historical upheavals for the city. He became the epicenter of the uprising, under the leadership of I. Bolotnikov, and was badly damaged by the troops of False Dmitry I. In 1611 the city was in the rear of the Polish invaders. Later he was ravaged by the Crimean Tatars. Almost completely, the city burned down as a result of a fire in 1622 and was restored only to the second half of the 17th century. As a result of the epidemic of pestilence in 1654, the population of Kaluga was reduced by two thirds.
The flowering of the city falls on the XVIII-XIX centuries due to the development of trade. Kaluga is famous for its crafts and icon painting.
Economic well-being was overshadowed by the events of 1723-1737, when, as a result of the terrible famine, the city was almost completely deserted, and in 1771 the population of Kaluga fell victim to a plague epidemic.
December 15, 1775 Empress Catherine II awarded Kaluga with her visit. It was in her honor that the triumphal gates were built.
During the Patriotic War of 1812, the main militia units were formed in the city.
By the end of the XIX century, the population of Kaluga was noticeably decreasing as a result of a decrease in trading activity, which was the result of the shallowing of the Oka and its tributaries. The city again becomes a quiet and provincial town.
In Soviet times, mechanical engineering and defense industry were actively developing here. During the war years, after the occupation of Kaluga by German troops, from October until the end of 1941, the city’s industry was quickly restored and worked for the needs of the front, and in peacetime for the defense of the country.
Kaluga population today
According to local statistics, by the end of 2015, the population of Kaluga was more than 340 thousand inhabitants. Through the efforts of regional authorities, large projects are being implemented in the city - the commissioning of Kaluga International Airport, the creation of new transport interchanges, which will attract new visiting specialists, which will affect population growth. The region continues to occupy a leading position in the production of various manufacturing industries, developing innovative enterprises.Interesting vacancies and jobs offers residents of the city center of employment. Kaluga, therefore, is a city in which all conditions for a comfortable life are created.
The city's attractions
Kaluga is one of the most beautiful cities in Russia. A lot of old art buildings and modern architectural ensembles, bell towers, churches, natural attractions create its unique look.
Kaluga houses the largest Cosmonautics History Museum in our country and the most modern planetarium.
The pride of the townspeople is the Kaluga Drama Theater, as well as Gostiny Dvor, the Korobov mansion, the oldest residential building of the city built in the 17th century, the Stone Bridge and other architectural monuments that are best seen firsthand.