Treatment of strabismus in adults. Surgical treatment of strabismus
Squint in adults is quite difficult to treat. This is not only a significant cosmetic defect, but also a condition in which the functionality of the eyes is disturbed and the quality of vision is reduced. The causes that can cause this disease are quite different. It is important to know that treatment of strabismus is simply necessary for both children and adults.
What is strabismus
Squint is a condition in which the parallelism of the visual axes in the eyes is disturbed. At the same time, they have an anomalous position, looking as if in different directions. Besides the fact that it brings aesthetic discomfort, strabismus significantly affects the work of the organs of vision. In normal vision, each eye forms its own picture, then the central nervous system integrates them into a single whole. With strabismus, only one organ of vision works, otherwise comparing two different images would simply result in chaos. Therefore, treatment of strabismus in adults can stop the deterioration of vision.Otherwise, with the constant suppression of the impulse that comes from the sore eye, his blindness may occur.
Types of strabismus
Depending on when the disease occurred, secrete congenital and acquired strabismus. If the anomaly is observed in children under the age of 1 year, then it is called early acquired. Another classification - paralytic and friendly strabismus. In the first variant, the function of only one oculomotor muscle is impaired. There is such a condition equally often that in children, that in adults. When friendly strabizma broken functionality of both muscles. Depending on the direction in which the eye is displaced, they separate convergent squint (the eye looks at the bridge of the nose) and divergent (in this case, the organ of vision is displaced towards the temple). There are also the following types of the disease: vertical (the eye is shifted up or down), mixed, intermittent, permanent. There is also a hidden squint, in which the axes of view go in the right direction, and binocular normal vision is absent.
The main symptom of this disease is noticeable immediately. The trajectory of vision is different, the organ of vision itself is somewhat biased. However, in children at birth, this phenomenon may be caused by external factors.Usually up to a year with the growth of a child, squint disappears. Attention should be paid to secondary signs, such as squinting, ghosting of objects, unusual head position (due to poor perception of the picture).
The causes of the disease
A large role in the occurrence of strabismus in children is a hereditary factor. In addition, the risk group consists of premature babies, as well as those who have congenital problems with the organs of sight. Fetal poisoning can contribute to this problem, so expectant mothers should carefully monitor their diet and avoid toxic substances. In adults, strabismus occurs due to eye injuries, diseases of the muscles and the central nervous system, stress, infectious diseases, and vision problems (myopia, astigmatism).
Treatment of strabismus in adults is prescribed only by a doctor only after a full examination. The sooner the problem is identified, the more effective the therapy will be and the less time it will take. Basically, conservative treatment is a rather long process. The doctor may prescribe special glasses, drops.It is recommended to seal one glass, thus stimulating the affected eye. They also use computer programs, a therapeutic laser, and various exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the eyes. The program for the treatment of strabismus has a diagnostic mode and directly treatment. With its help, a set of exercises is determined for each individual case. If the cause of strabismus are injuries or neoplasms, then first of all it is important to eliminate this factor. Treatment of strabismus in adults involves improving vision and creating a connection between the damaged and healthy organ of sight. In some cases, surgery is recommended.
Surgical treatment of strabismus
If conservative therapy does not give the necessary results, it is necessary to carry out the operation. Such procedures are of two types. The first are those for which the muscle is weakened, if it has a greater degree of tension. This is accomplished with the help of transplanting the place of its fastening, plastics or removal of a part of fibers. The second type of surgery is aimed at giving tone to the eye muscles, which have lost elasticity. When this happens, their shortening.Such treatment of strabismus in adults can correct a cosmetic defect, but a comprehensive approach is needed to fully restore vision. Basically, these manipulations do not require hospitalization, the operation lasts an average of 40 minutes and is performed under local anesthesia. On the same day the patient is allowed to go home. The recovery period is approximately 1 week. However, during the month it is important to avoid physical exertion, to protect the organ of vision from dust, foreign objects. During this period, it is necessary to help the brain, which has lost the habit of matching pictures from both eyes, to reconnect them.
Prevention of the onset of the disease
To avoid future eye problems, it is better to follow a number of rules. First of all, all diseases of the organs of vision must be treated promptly. This also applies to lesions of the central nervous system, viral and infectious diseases. In addition, vision correction with glasses, lenses is an undoubted method of prevention. Positive effect on the condition of the eye muscles special exercises.