Umbilical hernia. Symptom of pathology
Umbilical hernia is a disease thatmost common in infants. Suffer from him in mainly premature newborns. But this pathology arises in adults. Quite often, people after forty years of age who have an umbilical hernia are treated for surgical help.
Causes of pathology
At the child the umbilical hernia arises, as a rule,because of hereditary predisposition. The probability of pathology, which appears due to the weakness of the muscles located in the anterior abdominal wall, is almost 70 percent when the mother or father of the child in childhood suffered from this ailment.
In adults, the umbilical hernia appears afterexcessive physical exertion. It also occurs with the incorrect distribution of weights during the ascent. The cause of the pathology may be discrepancies in the fibers of the abdominal muscles during pregnancy. After surgery, postoperative umbilical hernia may occur. It is localized in the scar zone.
Umbilical hernia. Symptom of ailment
Any hernia externally manifests itself as abnormalprotrusion of part of the organ at the place of its appearance. At the child to find out a pathology can at all the expert. If the baby has an umbilical hernia, a symptom of the pathology is manifested in the compaction of fatty tissues in the navel.
The sign of the ailment in adults is the exitthrough the umbilical ring of pathological contents. Identify the disease by its external features is not difficult. But it is worth remembering that with the appearance of the first symptoms it is important to immediately contact a specialist. Only then it will be possible to finally make sure that the changes that have arisen are the umbilical hernia. Symptom of this pathology is similar to the manifestation of some tumors. These include lipoma, dermatome and dermatofibroma. These neoplasms are benign and not dangerous to human health. However, there are cases when protrusion in the umbilical region can serve as a manifestation of proliferating metastases of tumors of malignant type. In this regard, the examination in the medical institution must be carried out without fail.
What is the danger of ailment?
Should I worry if you have an umbilical hernia? The symptom of the disease is sometimes expressed in violation of blood circulation. This, in turn, threatens the necrosis of tissues in the field of pathology. This situation occurs when the disease is complicated.Pathology can provoke the development of peritonitis. This happens when a part of the peritoneum enters the hernial sac.
Causes and symptoms of complications
The aggravation of the disease occurs afterOvervoltage caused by lifting of any weights. However, the reason for the infringement may be a slight physical strain, for example, when coughing or laughing. Sometimes there is a complication and with the wrong rhythm of emptying the intestine.
Sign of infringement is a sharp pain,arising in the umbilical region. The hernial sac is hot and tense to the touch. It can not be fixed. Symptoms of infringement of the umbilical hernia are also signs of intoxication. They manifest in the form of nausea and vomiting, headache and fever, as well as aches in the back and joints.
Treatment of pathology
Umbilical hernia in adults is eliminatedsurgical intervention. If there are no complications, the operation can be carried out at a convenient time. In the event that the pathology has led to the occurrence of infringement, the intervention of the surgeon should be immediate.