US Agriculture - History and Prospects
Judging by the content of statistical reports, US agriculture fully meets the needs of the population in food. This fact is of particular importance, since there are very few such states on the planet. To this, it should be added that a substantial part of the output, after satisfying its own needs, is supplied to the international market. The main export items are wheat, corn, soybeans and various fruits. In turn, imports include bananas, coffee, and cocoa beans. But these volumes in terms of value are much smaller than the size of export deliveries.
If you take a quick look at the globe, you can see that a large part of the south of the country is located in the subtropical zone. These climatic conditions allowed the development of US agriculture in various directions. It is interesting to note that the diversity of landscapes contributed to the development of acreage for different cultures. Corn was grown here even by indigenous people - Indians.Migrants from Europe brought wheat and barley. Seeds of cotton and citrus brought here from Egypt. Only from this short list follows the conclusion that US crop production was laid and developed in favorable climatic conditions.
A bit of history
At first, when the development of new spaces was just beginning, the agriculture of the northeastern United States evolved in the image and likeness of old England. As you know, there all the large plots of land belonged to the estate nobility, and those wishing to engage in agriculture took certain plots for rent. On the new continent, everything went according to the traditional pattern. But only at first. Since there was too much undeveloped land, and very little labor, then renting a plot was completely unprofitable, because it was easy to get land into ownership.
The growing role of the state
Energetic and hardworking people had the opportunity to process their own area of any area. More precisely, one for which their capabilities were enough. But there was still a lot of free land. By virtue of these circumstances, the attitude to the sown area was wasteful. It should be noted that US agriculture has overcome this difficult period.As the population density increased, attitudes toward land resources began to change. State structures created specifically for the management of agriculture began to carry out relevant work in this direction.
Currently, US agriculture is an integral part of big business. It was here that the term "agribusiness" appeared, which includes a huge number of subjects - from the usual farming to the industrial giant producing fertilizers. This also includes retail chains and enterprises for processing agricultural products. Scientific and design institutes are engaged in the creation of new plant varieties, and in animal husbandry - new, more productive breeds of cattle. This whole complex is integrated by financial flows that are issued by specially created banks.