What is heraldry?
Not everyone is familiar with the word "heraldry". What content does it carry and what does heraldry mean?
History of heraldry
Every city, state, and maybe even a village, a school, other institutions have their own distinctive signs - coats of arms. The science that studies coats of arms, as well as their history, is called heraldry.
Historians say that the first coats of arms appeared during the crusades in Western Europe. The knights of those days were bound in armor. It was difficult for them to distinguish one from the other. Especially such inconveniences were experienced during the battle. Therefore, in order to see their enemy, the knights began to cling to the distinctive signs - emblems.
Major feudal lords who took part in the battles, used the coats of arms that went to their lands and castles. Thus arose territorial insignia, and then the state and regional.
Development of heraldry in Russia
What is heraldry for Russia? By inheritance were transferred to insignia of the principalities. They were used for seals. The 18th century is especially marked in the development of heraldry.Regimental banners, milestones, and buildings were decorated with symbols of cities. Under the rule of Peter the Great, the Heroldmeister office was founded.
For a long time the symbolism of our cities was forgotten, they were simply erased from our memory. But in recent years, when our people began to increase interest in history, love for the motherland, heraldry began to attract society.
In 1992, the State Heraldry Service was formed in Russia. She in 1994 was renamed the State Herald under the President of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the heraldry scientist Georgy Vadimovich Vilinbakhov was appointed State Herald-Master. And in 1999, the Heraldic Council under the President of the Russian Federation was approved.
After a decision is taken on the approval of the description of the official symbol by local governments, it is registered. This takes into account the results of examinations, which are conducted by the State Heroldia.