What is the segment connecting the two points of the circle?

Ildar Yunusov
Ildar Yunusov
July 25, 2014
What is the segment connecting the two points of the circle?

The question of the name of the segment connecting the two points of a circle is considered in the school course of geometry.

The segment connecting two arbitrary points of the circle is called a chord. A special case of the chord is the diameter. The diameter is a segment that connects two points of a circle, passing through its center. The diameter is the longest chord of a circle and consists of two radii of this circle.

Chord properties:

  • two equidistant from the center of the chord are equal in length;
  • the radius perpendicular to the chord divides it in half;
  • arcs between equal chords are also equal;
  • at the intersection of two chords, segments are obtained whose product of the lengths of one chord is equal to the corresponding product of the other.

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