What the spleen suffers from: symptoms of the disease
Today we will talk about how the signs of spleen disease look. It is still a poorly studied organ, about which we can only say that it fights against the appearance in the blood of abnormal cells and microorganisms that threaten human health. Interestingly, when the spleen is removed, these functions appear to be taken on by other organs. But it treats it as a useless organ - frivolously, since the spleen performs important functions assigned to it, even if not fully explored.
Missing spleen: symptoms of the disease
In case of violations of the prenatal development of the child, pathological conditions of the named organ may occur. For example, its complete absence (aspleniya). This phenomenon is rare, and it is always accompanied by malformations of other systems, most often - the cardiovascular system. As a rule, asplenia outwardly does not manifest itself and is found only with a special examination.
"Wandering" spleen: symptoms of the disease
"Wandering" spleen occurs due to a change in the shape of the body. At the same time, it looks elongated, with rugged edges, and the ligaments connecting the spleen with the surrounding tissues are very weak. This pathology does not require treatment, but twisting the legs can cause unbearable abdominal pain. In this case, the spleen is removed.
Spleen: Symptoms of the disease associated with myocardial infarction
Vascular occlusion in the infarction of the spleen causes tissue necrosis and impaired function of the organ in question. A small lesion area, as a rule, causes no complaints, except for slight pain in the left hypochondrium. And with an extensive heart attack, the pain becomes sharp, extending into the lower back or under the left shoulder blade. It usually increases with any tension: coughing, changing the position of the body, taking a deep breath, etc. The pressure drops, the patient has tachycardia, vomiting is possible. When festering after a few hours, the temperature may rise and chills appear.
Spleen: abscess related disease symptoms
Under the abscess imply the accumulation of purulent contents in the organ or part of the body.Such disease can affect the spleen in case of complications, for example, malaria or typhoid, inflammatory processes in the bladder, heart or general blood infection. Not removed blood clots can also be suppressed if the spleen is injured. The patient in such cases feels pain in the hypochondrium, extending to the left shoulder, he is worried about a strong fever, tachycardia, sometimes shortness of breath and cough - in case of compression of the lung with a large abscess.
Symptoms of spleen rupture
Some diseases or injuries, such as stab wounds, compression of the body or a strong blow, can lead to rupture of the organ in question. At the same time, in addition to the characteristic pain in the left hypochondrium, pallor of the skin and increased perspiration, the patient may begin to show feelings of light flashes before his eyes, may weaken, become fuzzy, eyesight. Often at this moment may manifest confusion, dizziness, thirst.