Western doctors are sounding the alarm: a stroke, just a few decades ago, the thunderstorm of extremely elderly people is “getting younger”. Increasingly, there are cases when its victims are people over 25 years old. At the same time, help with a stroke should be provided in the first three hours: it is on how soon the patient was taken to the hospital that his life depends. For the initial diagnosis of stroke the score goes on for just a minute. After his symptoms appear, a short-term improvement occurs - and then you can no longer save a person.
How to learn a stroke?A stroke is an acute violation of cerebral blood supply, there are several types of this disease. Depending on the type, the cause of a stroke can be a blood clot, vasoconstriction, hemorrhage in the brain. Due to a blood supply disorder, a certain part of the brain dies off, which can lead to complete or partial paralysis and a number of other unpleasant consequences, including death.
Symptoms of a stroke can be weakness in the limbs or the inability to move them, acute headache, clouding of consciousness, flies before the eyes, blurred vision and balance, vomiting, high blood pressure. It is important to understand that all the symptoms may not immediately appear or go unnoticed. Popular wisdom says that a stroke is necessarily accompanied by paralysis, but this is not true.
However, even a layman can identify a stroke with just four questions.
- A person who could have a stroke should be asked to smile. When cerebral blood supply is disturbed, it often paralyzes the muscles on one side of the body, so a smile will be crooked - one corner of the mouth will not rise.
- Ask the victim to give his name, date of birth, say a simple sentence (“Today the sun is shining”). Because of a stroke, speech is impaired to varying degrees - a complete inability to speak up problems with diction, lethargy and incoherence of what has been said. In addition, patients may be confused in dates, not recognize friends and loved ones and be completely disoriented.A simple test will reveal this condition.
- We must ask the patient to simultaneously raise their hands. Due to the reasons described in the first paragraph, he cannot do this.
- For complete confidence of a person with alarming symptoms, you should ask to stick your tongue out. As a rule, with a stroke, it falls to the side.
What to do with a stroke?Urgently call an ambulance without losing a minute and keeping calm. Only doctors can help qualified people with a stroke, and refusal from hospitalization can lead to death. Moreover, even treatment that is adequate to the state can usually be started only after performing a CT scan.
In anticipation of the arrival of the patient's doctors, it is necessary to lay on any flat surface, lifting the head and shoulder blades 30-45 degrees above the body, the easiest way to do this on the bed with pillows. Then you need to unbutton tight clothes, remove the belt, scarf, shawl, ensure fresh air by opening the window. In case vomiting begins, the patient's head should be turned on its side and to prevent vomit from getting into the respiratory tract, and the mouth cavity should be thoroughly cleaned.It is recommended to measure blood pressure and pulse every five minutes. Giving drugs for a sharp decrease in pressure is impossible.
What to do to avoid a stroke?As mentioned above, stroke is much younger, that doctors associate with hereditary diseases and a wrong lifestyle. It is much easier to prevent the development of a stroke than to treat it or rehabilitate the victims. For the prevention of stroke, you need to sleep for at least 8 hours, eat correctly and varied, preferring vegetables, fruits, fish, nuts, red meat, fatty foods and fast food. Smoking, use of drugs and alcohol should also be excluded, and at least half an hour a day to engage in physical exercise.
If there is a genetic predisposition to stroke or hypertension, you should consult a doctor before the first attack occurs. If financial opportunities allow, it is best to use the services of foreign specialists, and be examined in clinics in Germany.The main thing - to be observed by a proven doctor, and follow all the recommendations.
The editors of uznayvse.ru advise carefully to their own health and the health of loved ones, and regularly visit a doctor if there is a reason for this.