When does toxicosis begin during pregnancy? Toxicosis in early pregnancy: how to fight
Of course, pregnancy is one of the most exciting and at the same time crucial periods in a woman’s life. So much trouble, preparations and plans ... But often to these worries one more is added, very unpleasant, periodic or constant nausea.
Toxicosis during pregnancy is not uncommon, but not the rule. According to statistics, about a quarter of future mothers do not face this problem at all. The rest are experiencing at different stages of pregnancy various discomfort, from mild nausea in the morning to severe vomiting several times a day. So what is toxicosis and how to deal with it?
What is toxicosis in pregnant women?
Not every morning sickness can be considered toxicosis. In most cases, it is associated with conventional poisoning,pressure drops, drug reactions, certain diseases, psychological state - after learning about pregnancy, a woman begins to worry and “thinks out” about the signs of toxicosis. But usually such discomfort soon disappears, you just need to calm down and take the good news. According to some reports, up to 90% of pregnant women experience nausea during this period. But only 10% of them need hospitalization and treatment.
Toxicosis is a reaction of the body to a whole complex of changes in the body of a woman, which accompany the process of growth and development of the child being born. Therefore, the concept of "toxicosis during pregnancy" is much broader than "nausea."
Characteristic signs of toxicosis are:
- nausea (appearing in the morning, after eating, or present constantly throughout the day);
- vomiting (from single desires to especially severe cases - 20-25 times per day);
- Abundant salivation accompanying bouts of nausea;
- general malaise, weakness, drowsiness;
- irritability and mood swings;
- weight loss up to 3 kg per week (or insufficient weight gain) in any of the trimesters of pregnancy.
The intensity of toxicosis is an absolutely individual indicator and can vary depending on the reasons for its occurrence, the duration of pregnancy, the psychological state of a woman, etc. It is impossible to predict when the toxicosis in a newly pregnant woman will begin and with what intensity.
There are three degrees of intensity of toxicosis:
- Mild toxemiacharacterized by general malaise, rare urge to vomit (2-3 times a day), most often on an empty stomach and after meals, as well as periodic nausea with copious salivation. She does not need medical intervention, although her presence is still worth telling your doctor. Simple and accessible to all means will help to cope with mild toxemia yourself at home.
- Moderate toxicosisgives the woman more trouble and in some cases can cause hospital treatment. All signs of mild toxemia increase and new ones appear: rapid heartbeat, vomiting attacks occur up to 10 times a day, nausea does not stop throughout the day, appetite decreases, weight loss is possible up to 3 kg per week, blood pressure rises.If the usual means do not help, and vomiting attacks happen more often, you need to immediately seek help from doctors. But do not prescribe medication yourself. The doctor must weigh all the possible consequences and on the basis of this prescribe therapeutic agents.
- Atstrong toxicosisa woman’s condition worsens dramatically, vomiting can occur up to 20 times a day, protein and acetone appear in the urine, the work of the internal organs is disturbed, and the body is dehydrated. This condition is very dangerous for both the expectant mother and the child, so urgent hospitalization is needed for diagnosis and treatment.
Why does toxicosis appear?
The exact reason why toxicosis appears during pregnancy in a given case is almost impossible to identify, since it most often occurs as a result of a number of reasons. However, one thing is certain: light and even moderate toxicosis is natural, although not always the normal reaction of the body to changes occurring in it. Most often there is no cause for concern and excitement. Only a strong toxicosis during pregnancy can indicate serious violations and become a reason for treatment in the hospital.
Every pregnant woman's body undergoes physiological, hormonal and psychological changes starting from the first day of conception. Violation of adaptation to these changes can cause toxicosis in the following cases:
- Malfunctions in the normal functioning of the uterus caused by diseases of the genital organs, abnormal development of the uterus or endocrine pathologies. At the same time, the function of the receptor apparatus of this organ is disturbed, which sends the wrong signals to the nervous system, which in turn provokes such an organism reaction.
- Psychological unavailability or rejection of the fact of pregnancy, negative surrounding background, stress and other factors affecting the nervous system. In addition, new body impulses emanating from the embryo may be incorrectly interpreted by the nervous system (due to failures in the central nervous system), which, in turn, will affect the body in an attempt to get rid of the stimulus.
- A change in the qualitative and quantitative composition of hormones in a woman’s body always causes a response.
- Toxicosis in multiple pregnancies is often caused by an increased content of chorionic gonadotropin.Too much of this hormone can lead to hormonal imbalance and toxicity.
- Hereditary factor. If the mother and grandmother of the patient suffered from toxicosis during pregnancy, then it is very likely that the current history can be predicted.
In addition, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract of a pregnant woman can lead to the occurrence of early toxicosis.
The most likely, but least proven, reasons include the assumption that early toxicosis during pregnancy tells a woman to be more attentive to the foods and emotions consumed. After all, proper nutrition and a calm lifestyle are the key to a normal course of pregnancy and the growth of a healthy child.
Terms of toxicosis
Although the timing of toxicosis during pregnancy is very conditional, the most expected time of its beginning is 5-6 weeks. This is how the mother's body usually reacts to foreign proteins of the new body inside it. About half of all pregnant women experience toxicosis from this period.Most often, it does not cause severe discomfort and does not require medical intervention. There are enough simple and reliable ways to alleviate your condition.
Often there are cases when toxicosis begins during pregnancy from the first weeks, as well as in the last trimester. These are early and late variants of indisposition. Late toxicosis can begin with the second trimester - after 17 weeks. It is considered a serious disorder in the normal course of pregnancy, in contrast to the usual toxicosis, which lasts from 6 to 14 weeks. Unfortunately, it is impossible to predict the exact period of occurrence of toxicosis and to prepare for it in advance, since each organism is individual. Some may not even feel its effect on themselves, others will experience toxicosis in the first week of pregnancy and will suffer from it almost all 9 months. We can only ask how your mother and grandmother's pregnancy proceeded. Although the hereditary factor also does not give any guarantee. Much more often, future mothers are interested in the question: when will toxicosis pass during pregnancy and what is needed for this?
Toxicosis in early pregnancy manifests itself in the form of malaise at 1-2 weeks. Usually it manifests itself in the form of general weakness, constant nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite. He is often confused with the usual nausea of a pregnant woman, talking about a successful conception, which passes in 2-3 days. Toxicosis appears more intense and lasts longer. The physiological reasons for why toxicosis occurs in early pregnancy is very difficult to determine. Obviously, this is the reaction of a woman's body to the changes caused by fertilization and attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus. It can also be the result of psychological discomfort or the body’s response to the unhealthy child’s life of the expectant mother (smoking, alcohol, unhealthy diet, or daily regimen).
Drug treatment in the early stages is usually not required and is prescribed by a doctor only in the most extreme cases: if vomiting is frequent and intense, as well as with dehydration of the body, manifested by a decrease in urine output, dry mouth, and constipation. Mild toxicosis occurs within a few weeks, as soon as the body adapts to change.
Toxicosis in the first trimester of pregnancy
As mentioned above, the most likely period of occurrence of toxicosis is exactly the first trimester. His symptoms, in addition to nausea and fatigue, can also be irritability, rapid pulse, loss of appetite, slight weight loss, drowsiness.
Be sure to tell your doctor about your ailments during your next appointment. But do not panic and run to the reception after the first nausea. Even if you do not gain weight due to toxicosis, you do not need to turn to pharmacy drugs for help. This situation is normal, and the active weight gain should begin in the second trimester, when toxicosis during pregnancy passes. And this should happen gradually at 12-14 week. At this time, the formation of the placenta ends.
Toxicosis during the second and third trimester of pregnancy usually proceeds in a more severe form and may be dangerous for the health of the mother and child. This condition has its own name - preeclampsia - and is accompanied by the following phenomena:
- frequent bouts of vomiting (about 20 times a day);
- excretion of protein in the urine and a decrease in its amount to 400-600 ml per day;
- high blood pressure;
- dizziness, headaches.
Vomiting during preeclampsia is not associated with meals, may occur spontaneously at any time of the day. Puffiness begins in the legs and gradually spreads to other parts of the body. There may also be hidden swelling of internal organs. To identify them, you need to calculate how much fluid was drunk and how much is excreted in the urine. Protein in the urine indicates a violation of the kidneys or inflammatory processes in the urinary tract. Blood pressure during preeclampsia may increase by 15/30 units or more. Headaches are usually the result of dehydration.
The reasons for such a serious failure in the normal course of pregnancy can be the following factors:
- abortions or miscarriages preceding this pregnancy;
- Pathology of the endocrine system;
- Too small interval between two pregnancies, during which the woman’s body did not have time to recover from childbirth;
- constant stay in a state of stress, nervous tension;
- lack of sleep for several weeks.
In the risk zone are also women over 35 years old, smoking and having a hereditary predisposition to gestosis.
The danger of such a state depends on its intensity. The faster assistance is provided, the higher the probability of avoiding negative consequences. If frequent gagging (more than 10 times a day) occurs in a pregnant woman after week 17, you should immediately consult a doctor to find out the causes of preeclampsia and take urgent measures.
Impact of toxicosis on maternal and child health
Mild toxicosis, manifested in the form of nausea and periodic emetic urges, is not capable of causing serious harm to either the child or his future mother. At what period of pregnancy toxicosis can become dangerous depends only on the severity of its course and the time of medical assistance provided. Minor nausea and vomiting are not dangerous at any time, while severe toxemia can lead to serious consequences even in the early stages.
In addition to the poor health of women, toxicosis during pregnancy can cause serious violations in the work of internal organs, high blood pressure, vision loss.If the necessary medical assistance was not provided in time, the constant dehydration and gradual deterioration of the woman’s condition can lead first to loss of orientation, memory disorder, impaired liver, kidneys, lungs and heart, the appearance of veil before eyes and other signs of preeclampsia. This is especially dangerous late toxicosis during pregnancy. This condition can be replaced by eclampsia - convulsive seizures with cessation of breathing, pulmonary edema, hemorrhage in the brain, which lead to a comatose state and even death.
For a child, a long-term and strong toxicosis during pregnancy of the expectant mother is also dangerous, because it can lead to developmental delay, since all the substances necessary for growth and development do not get to the fetus. In early pregnancy, acute toxicosis can cause miscarriage. During subsequent trimesters, if the degree of preeclampsia creates a danger to the woman’s life, it may be necessary to abort the pregnancy.
On this basis, it should be remembered: when does toxicosis in pregnancy begin, accompanied by abundant and frequent vomiting,swelling, dizziness, lack of appetite and general breakdown, you need to urgently seek qualified medical assistance.
Toxicosis during pregnancy. What to do?
Even mild nausea that lasts for several days, or even weeks in a row, can poison the life not only of the expectant mother, but also of all her household members. Indeed, toxicosis during pregnancy can bring a lot of trouble. How to deal with this disease and not harm the health of the mother and child?
First of all, you need to determine its intensity. Depending on this, you can consult with your doctor and use the available tools to relieve your condition on your own at home - if this is mild or moderate-intensity toxicosis. Or you will have to seek help from specialists if the disease takes on a threatening form.
Easy toxicosis during pregnancy. How to get rid?
Once again we recall that even with a mild form of toxemia, consultation with a doctor will not interfere. He will be able to recommend more effective remedies against nausea and vomiting individually. And even more so it is not necessary to prescribe yourself drugs for toxicosis! The consequence of this step may be the lack of a result of treatment,down to a negative effect.
The first recommendation for combating toxicosis is a balanced diet. It is better to eat small meals 5-6 times a day. Eliminate from the diet foods that cause nausea. If sick of everything, then the doctor may recommend additional vitamins to ensure the normal intake of nutrients to the fetus, and medicines that reduce nausea. Fresh air also has a beneficial effect on taste buds.
In the morning, do not rush to jump out of bed, lie down for 10 minutes and try to eat something, for example, low-fat cookies. Full rest is very important during pregnancy. He, of course, will not get rid of toxemia, but its lack can aggravate discomfort.
Positive results in the relief of toxemia give decoctions of herbs. For example, to soothe the gastrointestinal tract and reduce nausea, you can drink decoctions of flowers of chamomile, calendula, rosehip, linden, etc. You can both alternate and make mixtures of herbs, brewing a tablespoon of the mixture per cup of boiling water every morning. Ginger has proven itself in the fight against toxicosis: you can add a teaspoon of grated ginger to green tea and drink it throughout the day.It will eliminate not only nausea, but also fatigue, drowsiness.
If home treatment does not bring relief, a woman should be hospitalized, where she will be prescribed drugs that suppress vomiting and restore water balance in the body. If drug treatment did not produce results after three days, an artificial termination of pregnancy is recommended.
There is another way to facilitate pregnancy during toxicosis - this is aromatherapy. A drop of mint or ginger essential oil should be dropped on a special pad or handkerchief. It is better to put a pillow near the bed so that you can quickly use it in the morning. A handkerchief can be carried with you in case of an emergency.
In some clinics they can recommend such procedures as acupuncture, hypnosis, phytotherapy and physiotherapy, which also gives its results.
Late toxicosis and its treatment
Most often late toxicosis during pregnancy, he is preeclampsia, requires hospitalization. This is due to the danger of its consequences. First of all, in such cases, they try to identify the root cause of such a serious violation of pregnancy and eliminate it.In some cases, it is enough good rest in combination with drugs that facilitate toxicosis and restore normal body function.
In addition, a special diet plays an important role in the treatment of preeclampsia. Calming agents are prescribed (motherwort, Valerian tincture) and remedies to compensate for the loss of body fluids.
If a strong toxicosis led to a malfunction of certain organs, then drugs will be prescribed to support and restore the cardiovascular system, kidneys, lungs, eyesight, liver, etc.
If the treatment did not work, then in later periods a cesarean section will be recommended.
Remember that in most cases, toxicosis during pregnancy is an absolutely natural and safe reaction of the body to changes in a woman’s body. Therefore, do not panic. If you have any concerns - be sure to contact your doctor for advice.