Where is Barnaul, in what area?
Where is Barnaul? What is famous for the city and how to get to it? You will find answers to these and other questions by reading the article. In 1937, the Altai Territory was formed on the territory of the Russian Federation, where the city of Barnaul officially became the administrative center. Where is? The city is located on the bank of the river Barnaulka (left tributary of the Ob river).
The article tells about the formation of this locality and its sights, attracting the attention of guests and tourists interested in the history of Russia.
History of the name of the city
There are several versions of the name of the city. A Siberian archeologist Alexey Umansky at one time developed a version that states that since this region was once populated by a small Turkic people (Teleuts), the name comes from the word “Porongyul”. It means: “porongy” is muddy water, and “ul” is a river. This version is confirmed by the fact that p. Barnaulka, on the bank of which the city stands, has muddy water. It is so because of the large amount of organic and mineral substances mixed with river sand.
In the topographic maps of the XVIII century, the river was called Boronoul. A professor from Tomsk, Dulzon, gave an explanation. He said that the name of a geographical object consists of two words - “boro” (translated from Turkic - wolf) and “ul” (river). Thus, the "wolf river".
This professor confirms with documents that wolves lived in this region.
The opinion of many historians who believe that the name is associated with the river Barnaulka is considered to be the most reliable version.
The history of Barnaul. Where is this area located?
In 1739, the mountain entrepreneur Akinfiy Demidov (the son of the founder of the Demidov dynasty, Nikita Demidov) began construction of a honey-silver smelting plant around which the Ust-Barnaul workers' settlement was formed on the site of the future regional center. Five years later, the plant began to manufacture steel products.
Migrant workers from the regions of Central Russia and the Urals began to arrive in the village. Then the village, which became known as Barnaul, in 1771 received the status of a mountain city. There began to develop urban infrastructure. By 1893, natural resources were almost depleted, which led to the closure of the enterprise, and the city became one of the major merchant (trade) centers of tsarist Russia.
After the revolutionary events of 1917, Barnaul became the center of the agro-industrial region. During the Second World War, more than a hundred major industrial enterprises were evacuated to Barnaul (where the city is located, above) from many cities in the front-line zones.
Now the main city of the Altai Territory, covering an area of 330 km ², where more than 660 thousand indigenous people live, is considered industrial with a developed tourist infrastructure. The travel agency's leadership organizes daily guided tours of the city, in which there are many interesting places that attract the attention of tourists and visitors to the city.
Walking tour begins with the main attractions of the city - Demidov Square. It is located in the central part
In 1818, the manager of the Kolyvan-Voskresensk plants, Peter Frolov, was asked to create a square in Barnaul, where an obelisk could be erected in honor of the 100th anniversary of the start of mining in the Altai region.
Initially, the square was called Stable. Then several times changed its name.
From 1992 to the present, the main square of Barnaul is called Demidov in honor of the founder of the city - Akinfey Demidov.Now it has about the same appearance as it was in past centuries.
Tourists can explore the buildings of the mountain hospital, the mountain school and the home for the disabled. All these buildings belong to different years of the XIX century and have retained their former appearance.
Altai Museum of Local Lore
Altai State Museum of Local Lore is located on Polzunov Street. He is considered the first in Western Siberia. The opening took place in 1923.
The idea belonged to the manager of mining plants in the Barnaul region, Peter Frolov, and the scientist-naturalist Friedrich Gebler. At that time, the museum was called the “Mountain Museum”.
The exposition is based on models of mining machines and various mechanisms of mining production and an extensive collection of Ural minerals.
Visitors are greatly interested in seeing the first steam engine of the Russian inventor Ivan Polzunov. In 1766, this outstanding person built the first Russian heat engine (steam engine) invented by him on the bank of Barnaulka.
Tourists are given the opportunity to explore the models of industrial machines XVIII-XIX centuries and other various mining equipment of those times.
Museum theft them. Yuri Detochkina
On Koptevskaya Street, in the building of the Favorit Motors Motor Show, since 2003, a kind of museum has been operating. He became popular among tourists - the museum of auto-theft, named after the main character of the comedy "Beware of the car." Here is an exposition of various master keys, devices used by the city auto thieves.
The museum was created on the initiative of the regional rescue service. She subsequently provided him with all video recordings of road accidents. Their visitors can watch in specially equipped cinema hall.
Having figured out where Barnaul is located, we’ll tell you about one more main attraction. At the corner of Lev Tolstoy Street and Lenin Avenue there is a building built in 1916, which once housed the City Duma.
Now here are the exposition of the museum "City". Visitors of the city, having visited it, can get acquainted with the history of Barnaul and with the life of people whose activities are connected with the development of the region.
The main part of the collection consists of works of art of the XIX-XX centuries and an exhibition of archaeological finds of Altai.
The current religious Orthodox Znamensky Monastery is one of the religious landmarks of the city. A wooden church was erected on the site of the future religious building in 1754.
In 1778 this small structure was dismantled. Then on its foundation was built a church that has two thrones.
After 80 years, a modern stone building was erected at this place. It was consecrated in honor of the icon of the Mother of God “The Sign”. At that time, there were three Orthodox schools and a library at the cathedral.
In 1937, the temple was closed and used as a state archive of the Altai region. After 55 years, the religious building was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church (Russian Orthodox Church).
According to the decision of the administration of the Russian Orthodox Church (Holy Synod), since 1994, the Znamensky Cathedral was transformed into a functioning convent. Tourists can explore the territory of the shrine and attend the liturgy, which takes place daily at certain hours.
We already know where the city of Barnaul is. Let's tell about one more its sight. Since 1898, in the western part of the city, the construction of a red brick of the four-altar church of the Intercession began at the place of the old wooden Church of the Intercession at the expense of the population.The cathedral was consecrated in 1904 in honor of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin.
In 1937 the temple was closed. And his building was used for urban needs, while damaging the frescoes that adorned the temple interior, and the bell tower. In 1944, at the request of the diocese of Barnaul, worship was resumed in the church. Then began the gradual restoration of the church, which lasted until 1993.
During this time, murals were restored on the subjects of religious paintings by artists Viktor Vasnetsov, Ivan Kramskoy and other Russian artists, the bell tower and the building of the Sunday Orthodox school for young people in the Barnaul region. Now Pokrovsky Cathedral is an active church and is open to all comers.
How to get there?
Where is Barnaul? In what area is the city located and how to get to it? Those who want to relax in the nature of the Altai Territory, see the sights of the regional center - the city of Barnaul, and communicate with the hospitable indigenous people can use the services of Aeroflot. The flight from Moscow will be approximately 4 hours.
You can also get from Moscow by train "Moscow-Barnaul" from the Kazan station. Travel time is 50 hours.
There is also a Moscow-Barnaul intercity bus service to Barnaul. Travel time is no more than 65 hours.