Where does kegelia grow (sausage tree)? Sausage tree at home
There are many surprising and unknown things in the vast expanses of the earth. The diversity of the plant world more and more amazes us with the presence in it of amazing, unique plant and animal creatures.
It turns out that there is a sausage tree in nature, even though it seems rather strange. What is where a sausage tree grows? What is it used for? Everything related to this plant will be described in this article.
Before proceeding to the story of the sausage tree, we recall some of these unique plant specimens.
Chocolate, bread, milk, marmalade, candy trees - all their names speak for themselves. The most famous chocolate, because almost everyone in the world knows and loves such delicacies as confectionery made from cocoa beans.The African milk tree has juice, which is consumed as milk by the locals. Flour can be made from the seeds of the bread tree. It is used for baking cakes. Fragrant sweetish stems of Asian candy tree are used as a dessert: both fresh and dried as raisins.
Hard to believe, but the sausage tree exists. This is a kegelia tree. This unusual edible name of the tree has because of the amazing shape of the fruit, very reminiscent of sausage loaves (sardeli). And they hang on their pedicels, representing long stiff strands (twine), resembling a rope, on which sausages are hung in their manufacture. On the fruit hanging in the trees, if you wish, you can even swing - these strings are so strong!
For the first time, Europeans saw cygelia in the 19th century and were surprised by the view of “gastronomic products” hung in large numbers on the branches of the tree. Since then, they began to call this tree sausage.
Sausage tree: photos, description
This plant belongs to the family Bignonievyh. Its fruits, whose length reaches up to 50 centimeters, have an impressive weight - about 8 kilograms.
These "sausages" can hang on their ropes for several months, gradually increasing.The shape and brownish-gray color of the fruit are similar to liver sausages. After their full maturity, they burst.
It should be noted that these sausages are inedible, with the exception of seeds located inside the fruit. But before you eat them, you should fry them, because in their raw form they are poisonous. Cygeli seeds are used to make various potions.
Also, the tree is popular for its bright red flowers, which are quite large inflorescences that look like tulips. And they bloom only at night. They have a sharp, rather unpleasant smell that attracts pollinators: nectar birds and small bats.
The sausage tree has harsh dark green leaves, shaped like the leaves of ash, only slightly larger. In the dry period they fall.
An adult plant grows up to 20 meters tall. Young trees have smooth and gray bark, roughness appears in aging trees. Its wood is not prone to cracking and has a light brown or yellowish color.
The plant is evergreen, moisture-loving, but in places where there is little rainfall during the year, it drops foliage and therefore tolerates a long dry season.The sausage tree grows in tropical territories of equatorial Africa, and also in Madagascar.
Who eats the fruits of sausage tree?
Only hippos, monkeys and giraffes eat them. Parrots gnaw seeds with great pleasure, and for elephants and antelopes the flowers and leaves of the tree are a delicacy.
Fruits are mainly used as fuel, and a red dye is produced from them, which is obtained after boiling the fruit. Also crockery, various amulets, and so on are made from the fruits of cygelia.
The locals have a sausage tree that has its own name - the moropoto, which translates as the fat tail of a sheep. This is odd (because the stalk is much longer than the tails), but it is.
The trunks of the largest trees were used to gouge canoes from them, which for centuries used in everyday life among African peoples. Also, an original musical instrument that produces amazing water sounds is made of wood - this is a xylophone.
In general, Africans consider this tree sacred, and for them it symbolizes fertility. The crown is so wide that it is convenient for holding meetings and ritual religious events under it.
Suspended on the houses and outbuildings of local residents, the fruits, in their opinion, protected them from hurricanes, drove out spirits and ensured good fertility.
Surprising sausage tree. Wherever it is used. Local healers made drugs with which they cured snake bites, rheumatism and many other diseases. Ash from burnt fruit was used by them to treat a variety of skin lesions.
Kygelia in modern medicine
In modern times, its popularity is again due to its good healing properties. Bark and fruit are used in the production of kigelina, which is an excellent antibacterial agent.
It should be noted that the plant benefits even with cancer.
Sausage tree at home
Due to the beauty of ornamental flowers and the exotic unique shape of the fruits, today kegel is widely used and grown in tropical regions to decorate the plots. The sausage tree also grows well in spacious winter gardens, halls of apartments and cottages. The place for this should be chosen bright, but with not very much sunlight.
Growing cygelia is not difficult, and care doesn’t cause any problems even for beginner growers.
Before the sowing, the seeds of the kigelia should be slightly incised and then planted to a depth of 1 cm in moist soil. Sprouts appear in 20 days. The kegelia grows quite quickly, perfectly gives in to formation (in the form of bonsai), and after about 5 years it pleases with its original look.
When grown at home, keelia (sausage tree) can shed leaves twice a year, but they grow back quickly. You should constantly prune the top of the plant to avoid overgrowth.
Watering for this tree should be good. Everything must correspond to the natural conditions in which the kegelia is used to grow. And the tropics are known for their heavy showers.
Feeding this plant is almost not needed. It should be fed only in case of deterioration, for example, with frequent falling of leaves, although this is quite normal for her: the tree sheds leaves in the winter time, but in spring it blooms with a violent striking color.
In principle, mineral supplementation does not interfere - it helps to increase the growth rate of the plant. In addition, fertilizers help to avoid diseases and pests.But here, too, the sausage tree is rarely amazed by them.
An important plus is the fact that this plant is relatively resistant to most of the adverse effects of the environment. For reproduction, you can use both seeds and part of the rhizome.
Approximately two years after planting, delightful large red flowers, shaped like tulips, will appear on the tree.
It is important to note that it is necessary to be careful, in connection with the fact that the fruits of cygelia can fall off from time to time, but they are rather weighty and can be severely injured. And you should not forget about the periodic cropping of the crown.
Here it is - amazing, impressive for its exotic fruits and bright beautiful flowers, a tree.