Who can be a judge and what is needed for it

Many applicants try to enroll in prestigious universities, choosing the same faculties, for example, law. Most of the graduates plan to occupy prestigious positions, which will allow them to have a high social status and financial position. For this reason, after graduation, they try to work in court, prosecutor’s office, lawyer, notary office, someone becomes a police officer.

Who can be a judge

The judge - the meaning of life, not a job or a profession. Find out if any of the relatives were brought to administrative or criminal penalties, because the judge - the standard of honesty, should be crystal clear. Before you appoint a judge, carry out a full inspection, even the parents and relatives of the spouse.

A justice judge must have perfect knowledge.

  • Independent of authority.
  • Subject to the Constitution or other legislation.
  • Maintains the reputation and authority of the judge.Tactful, polite, discreet and respectful of the participants in the judicial process.
  • Maintains qualification.
  • Does not react to pressure or influence of unauthorized persons, shows resilience and courage.
  • Do not disclose information obtained in the course of the proceedings.
  • He does not hold public office, except for the post of judge
  • Does not express sympathy to political parties, does not belong to them.
  • Shows no prejudice based on race, gender, nationality, or religion.
  • Does not accept gifts or other rewards that are associated with work activities.
  • Not engaged in individual entrepreneurship.
  • May engage in scientific, teaching, creative activities.

Qualification Collegium selects the one who successfully graduated from the state university. If you are guided by the law, any citizen of the Russian Federation over 25 years old with legal experience of at least 5 years can become a judge. To do this, contact the qualification board of judges of the region of residence and write a statement about the desire to pass exams for qualification.

In addition to the application to the commission, the following documents are submitted:

  • Passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation.
  • Questionnaire where information about the applicant.
  • Diploma in legal education.
  • Employment record or other document confirming legal experience.
  • Health certificate confirming the absence of a number of diseases that impede the work.

Documents are accepted and checked in the personnel department of the Judicial Department. After consideration, the documents are passed to the examination committee, which is located at the qualification board.

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Examination Commission

Examination Commission takes the exam within a month, from the date of application. The commission consists of 12 people, asks questions, if one of them is given the wrong answer, the exam is failed. During the exam, you are allowed to use regulatory documents. The most difficult questions are practical. You need full concentration, you need to take into account every little thing.

After successfully passing the qualifying exam, the applicant receives a certificate of delivery. Exam results are valid for 3 years. After passing the exam, the applicant may apply to the board of judges with a statement to be recommended for the existing vacant position.The statement indicates what kind of judge wants to work, world or federal.

The duties of the magistrate include civil disputes: divorce, property disputes, division of property, labor disputes. Some criminal cases where the penalty is not more than 3 years of imprisonment. All cases outside the existing jurisdiction of the justice of the peace, considered by the federal judge.

In addition to the application, a number of documents are submitted:

  • Passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation.
  • Questionnaire where information about the applicant.
  • Diploma in legal education.
  • Employment record or other document confirming legal experience.
  • Health certificate confirming the absence of a number of diseases that impede the work.
  • The document confirming the qualification exam.
  • Characteristics from the place of work. If they are not worked out in a legal specialty, 5 more years of legal practice are indicated. Characteristics issued to the applicant for the position within a week.
  • Information about incomes and property. Information on the income of spouses and information on minor children is also provided, in accordance with the RF Law “On the Status of Judges in the Russian Federation” dated June 26, 1992 No. 3132 as amended by the RF Law dated December 25, 2008 No. 274-F3.

After the panel of judges verifies the accuracy of the documents and facts. Qualification Collegium reserves the right to apply to law enforcement or other authorities for the fact of checking the authenticity of documents. Applicants are checked through the FSB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the prosecutor’s check and the check of the customs service.

If the authorities have identified the inaccuracy of information or facts, the commission has the right to refuse the applicant for the position. If no violations are found, the commission recommends the applicant for the vacant position. The decision of the collegium may be appealed through the court if the procedure established by law for the selection of applicants is violated.

The status of judges

A contender for the title of district judge must be at least 25 years old; from the age of 30 you can apply for the position of middle level - regional. Applicants for the position of judge of the Supreme or Supreme Arbitration Court should not be younger than 35 years old and have at least 10 years of judicial practice. As a judge of the Constitutional Court - from 40 years old, judicial practice - not less than 15 years. The position can be up to 70 years.

Why are there age restrictions? In order for a person to accumulate life experience.

Immunity guaranteed by constitutional laws. Distributed to family members.A judge who has worked for 20 years receives a life sentence from the state. Applicants for the position should not be in narcological or psycho-neurological dispensaries.

The judge must be guided in practice by the principles of genuine fairness and exceptional justice. To make verdicts, strictly following the legislative acts, based on legal knowledge, on the basis of justice and on the basis of rich life experience. When taking office, a candidate takes an oath to perform his duties, guided only by the law, impartially and fairly administer justice, as dictates conscience and duty.

The need for such requirements is associated with specificity and special professional activity, which is carried out only in accordance with the Code of Honor of the Judge of the Russian Federation.

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Build a career as a judge is real, but not easy.

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