Windmill: interesting facts

The landscape with windmills is more familiar to us on the canvases of European masters of painting of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

windmillNow many working windmillscan only be seen in the Netherlands. True, they do not grind flour at all, although there are some. They pump water from one channel to another. How was the windmill built? You can see this only in the Baltics and the Netherlands themselves. The first thing that needs to be done to make it work well is to catch the wind. To do this, its roof was turned in the right direction with a special wheel and a lever. The wheel was connected with the roof. When the roof reached the required position, the wheel was locked with a special chain. Then released a special brake, and the wings of the mill began to rotate, at first slowly, and then faster and faster. The shaft on which the wings were attached passed through the wooden gear wheels to the main vertical axis.

flour mill


Further, the device of the windmill could bedifferent. With its help pumped out the water, pressed the oil out of the seeds, even made it with paper and sawed the forest, and, of course, grinded the flour. The mill for flour did its work with the help of all the same stone millstones. With the advent of steam and other types of engines, it can be said that it lost its importance for industry. But in our time, when people learn to save energy and nature, the windmill has been revived in a different capacity, as a cheap and eco-friendly source of electricity. Hundreds of windmills, her great-grandchildren, work in the Netherlands, the Netherlands and Germany. In the United States, Canada and Australia, remote farms are successfully using wind generators to produce electricity for home and household needs.

mill by one's own hands

Decorative element. Its construction.

Today the windmill has gained popularity inas a decorative element of household plots. Make it simple. Such a mill, collected by its own hands near a country house or villa, will decorate any corner of the garden. Work begins on the foundation. Digs a pit to a depth of 70 cm, and a brick foundation is laid. From the metal corners 50x50 the frame is welded to the dimensions of 80x120x270. The frame is covered with a beam of 40x40. You can work on the top with a lining. The frame is mounted on the foundation. Wood from above is covered with protective impregnation in several layers. Inside the case is insulated with foam plastic and plywood. Next, the roof is executed. On the rafters of the roof is a continuous crate, which is then sheltered by a roofing material in two layers. The roofing material is laid on the roofing material. Then the mechanism is assembled. The axle and two bearings are selected and installed. The blades are assembled from wooden slats with a section of 20x40 mm, which are fastened with the help of self-tapping screws. The blades are mounted on the axle. The upper part of the basement is also lined with a bar. The interior can be used to store, for example, garden tools. Thus, the windmill is also the necessary economic building.

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